xt7w3r0pth3t https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7w3r0pth3t/data/mets.xml   Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. 1941 journals kaes_circulars_003_380_annual_report_1941 English Lexington : The Service, 1913-1958. Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 380 text Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 380 1941 2014 true xt7w3r0pth3t section xt7w3r0pth3t I
of the
` For the year ended A
 EIS; December 31, 1941
vided for I
Circular 380
Thomas P. Cooper, Dean and Director

Lexington, Kentucky
President. I-I. L. Donovan
University of Kentucky
My dear President Donovan:
I have the honor to present the annual report of the Division of
Agricultural Extension of the College of Agriculture and Home Eco-
nomics, University of Kentucky, for the year ended December Sl,
19/ll. In this report will be found a statement of the various activities
of the past. year, a list of publications, and a hnancial statement of
receipts and expenditures.
'[`1-tomrxs (i1ooi·t·11<
l)('(l7Ir mid 1)irr·rlor I
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky
Honorable Keen Johnson
Governor of Kentucky
In accordance with an {let of the Legislature of the State of Ken-
tucky. approved March I5, lfllti, I herewith submit. the annual report
of the Division of Agricultural Extension of the College of Agri-
culture and Home Economics, University of Kentucky, for the year
ended December Ell, 19-ll.
H. L. Doxovrxu

By '1`. R. BR\'1\N'1`, Assistant Director
ln every ki11d o[ C11(lC2l\’()1` o11 Kentucky [arms a11d i11 [arn1 homes,
jmmb the Extension Service has l)(j(j11 fou11d l1elp[ul i11 lllilklllg lillfllllllg 111()1`C
4 profitable and [arm 11o111es 1l1()1`C satisfactory. Despite severe lllllldl-
caps 2111(l frequent 1111C1`1`l11)L1011S tl1e Extension Service of tl1e College
of 1·\griculture a11d Home EC()11()1IllCS of tl1e U111\’C1`S1l)’ of Kentucky
Sim] Of was able to give more service and accomplish 11101`C i11 1911 [112111 i11
nc ECO a11y previous year.
ber 3]. As tl1e 112111011 became lll()1`C deeply concernecl witl1 tl1e Cll1`1`Cllf
Clivitics war tl1e demantls for service 11111ltiplied lllltl dilliculties increasetl.
Hem 0[ l\’l2ll1)' 111C11ll)C1`S of tl1e stall were reserve ollicers 21l1(l ()ll1C1`S were sub-
ject to early or 1l11l1lC(l121lC call tl1ru tl1e selective service. 'l`his dis-
turbed $1111211101] added to tl1e difficulty o[ (l()111g ellicient work, and `
the large \'()lll1llC tl1at was accomplished could 1101 11ave l)CC11 (l()I1C
W · 11ad it 11ot been that local volunteer leaders carried a large part of y
tl1e burden. '1`he Extension Service could 11ot oller pay to these
leaders nor cash reward to [arm people [or adopting 1`C(`()1l1l1lC11(lCll
practices, and yet a suflicient I11l111l)C1` of leaders were f()ll11(l 21l1(l
[l`211l1€(l to accomplisli a year’s work gratilying both i11 volume 21l1(l
Cmuckv 111 quality. `
Lucky “ ]un101‘ club w0rk.—In 4-H clubs, tl1e number ol I11(J]1ll)C1`S
enrolled was 111C1`C21SC(l by 740, making a total ol 13,769 lor tl1e state.
These boys 2ll1(l girls completed successfully ·l3,()79 projects. '1`his
high degree of elliciency was no doubt clue i11 part to patriotic appeal
or Km- but was I112l(lC possible mainly by the devotion of /1,81-ll unpaid volun-
l]vC])m_l wel; leaders, anxious to SCl`\`C·ll1C‘l)()yS and girls illlll their country.
J AHH. lhe Ill(‘llll)(’l'Sllll) 111 Utopia (.l1ll)S lor young people above ~l-1*1
hc im Club age was Inearly doubled, despite tl1e l1tf·Zl\'}' Il1I`()iltlS lll1l(lC by tl1e
t SClC<`ll\‘e SCl`\'1(`C atnong young lll(jI1. Utopia enrollnlellt was 2,322.
lilliciency ol` local leaders i11 junior (`llll) work, as of those i11 work
witl1 &I(l1lllS. was due quite largely to better training. 1\t three dis-
trict trai11i11g schools, eacl1 of a week`s duration, 22-1 o[ tl1ese leaders
[rom 79 (Y()1l11ll(`S atte11ded. 'l`hese l11(’CIlllg`S were i11 addition to 1llC
regular leader meetings l1eld periodically i11 each county. 'l`he
leaders at tl1ese district training schools came at tl1eir <)\\'I1 expense.
Success i11 getting a large volume of work done i11 an excellent
way was achieved by coordinating tl1e ellorts of 1llC Extension Service

 4 Exrunsion Cmcutxtu No. 380
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The President, Vice-President, and Secretary of the Kentucky Association of
4-H clubs, like the boys and girls whom they represent, are healthy in body and
mind. A trip to Frankfort is an event of Junior Week at the University and these
officers are standing near the state capitol building.
with those ol` other agencies, local and state-wide, that have objee
tives closely akin. This policy enlisted the cooperation ol news-
papers, banks, business houses, schools, mttmttatttttm, and organ-
izations o[ l`arm men and women as well as ol urban groups wlttt
also found that cooperation pays_
A ·l-H club demonstration team from Kentucky won the chzntt
pionship [or the southern section at the National Dairy Sltow. Thr
members ol` the team won scholarships to be used at any agricu1tur:tl
college they may select. The annual baby beei show held at tltt‘
Bourbon Stock Yards in Louisville gave further evidence ol` tht
volume and quality o[ work done. The show, judged by represclt
tatives of the packing houses. was pronounced the best in its history.
l\‘l'ort· negro children than in anv previous year were reached bt

 Annurxt Rl·Zl’()R'l` or 'l`lll·Z Exricnsiox l)uu·;c;toa 5
4-H club work. They respond in excellent fashion and it is notice-
able that there is no indigence in negro homes where the boys and
girls enlist in #1-l·I club work or where the adults participate in the
extension program.
Farm people of Kentucky responded wholeheartedly to the sev-
eral campaigns undertaken by the Extension Service in furtherance
of the war effort. \‘Vhen they were asked to gather scrap alumimun
and a little later to gather scrap iron, they responded under the
leadership of their county agents in a manner that left little to be
desired. \Vhen the appeal came early in the year for increases in
dairy and poultry products, beef and pork, and when quotas were
‘set, the challenge was mel. and all quotas were surpassed. ln the
sale of defense bonds, extension agents were asked to organize for
solicitation in rural areas. Again they responded and thru local
volunteer leaders made and continue to 111ake an excellent showing.
Work with crops and 1ivestock.—In crop and animal produc-
tion a trend toward more and better meadows and pastures became
noticeable even to a casual observer. There are several excellent
reasons for this trend. The most important is that such practices
help to conserve soil. Good sod and meadows do not usually come
thru accident. Lime, legumes, terracing, cover crops, and saving
grass seed on the home farm—all are means toward better pastures.
While the percentage of land with good cover crops is still too small,
ssociation of excellent progress toward better winter protection against erosion is
  Eggytlix being made.
The Extension Service has introduced in the last few years a num-
ber of grasses and other crops that had been little known or used
· in Kentucky before that time. Italian ryegrass, balbo rye, and new
IWW "l’l“' Strains of winter barley developed at the Kentucky Agricultural Ex-
ll of “C“`°" periment Station are gaining rapidly in popularity. The use of
and "l`S““" Veteh, rye, and other well—known cover crops has been stimulated,
§¤`<>Ul>$ “`l"’ all in the interest of conserving plant food and preserving the soil.
Kentucky set the pace among nearby states in the use of lime and
the chant phosphate. These amendments are almost essential to a program old
Sl1<>\\'· rlillf soil building and maintenance, not to mention the important matter
agriculturztl of sustained production.
ield at tht Farmers were encouraged to produce and save their own seed
nce of tht for grasses and legumes. The small portable threshing machine was
ry represctt exceedingly helpful. \\'hen seed is saved on the home farm, the
its histo1‘§`· owner knows the tlualitv and avoids much of the expense otherwise
reached lll ll1\‘<>l\‘etl in making the needed seedings. By the same token, seeds

6 Exrmxsion Ciacumk N0. 380 l
possessed in the neighborhood are sometimes easier to get into actual l
use than are those that have entered commercial channels. The °
increase in the use of winter barley has been especially noteworthy. l S
Hybrid corn was a valuable ally in the campaign for soil conser- y l
vation. The heavier yield reduces the number of acres necessary to   l
produce a given requirement of grain. The labor saved is of especial    
importance at a time of labor shortage and high cost of labor. The   I
rapid increase in the use of hybrid corn indicates that within a few `V (
years almost all the crop will be produced from hybrid seed. Here l (
again the work of the Experiment Station must be maintained at ` (
full speed for much needs yet to be learned in regard to the best 1 1
adapted strains and the DIOSL usable types among the many hybrids l (
already developed or to be developed. l l
The interest in improving the tobacco crop is fairly universal in l f
lientucky and the confidence of growers in the teaching of the Col-
lege of Agriculture and Home Economics is manifest on every hand. l
The program of tobacco extension work begins with the preparation I f
of the plant bed and ends only when the crop is sold. The one   J
extension specialist who devotes full time to tobacco held meetings  
of various kinds that had a total attendance of 57,4-28 farmers. Many l
other meetings and demonstrations were held by county agents. The l
U. S. Department of Agriculture gave excellent cooperation, espec- y
ially in the grading schools. The "ridge—roof ver1tilator" designed l
by the College of Agriculture and Home Economics has become it  
familiar sight in every community, and the curing practices recom-   _
mended are approaching the stage where they can be called routine. l
,—\t the same time, much remains to be learned, and the research at l
the Experiment Station on tobacco curing is watched closely by l
farmers. The same should be said in relation to research for desit- l
able strains of disease-resistant tobacco. The use of resistant strains  
by farmers has become the rule rather than the exception. The close-  
ness with which the research of the Experiment Station is followed l>}`  
farmers is attested by the rapid shift to a better strain when the Ek  
periinent Station brings a newly improved strain to such a point as y
to feel warranted in releasing seed.  
Extension work in animal industry had added difficulties because i
the field agent in work with beef cattle was taken into the lllllllillll
service during the year. Other workers closed ranks to carry on. ·
Sheep raisers had in previous years prolited by following prat-
tices recommended by the (Zollege of Agriculture and Home Eco-
nomics and were again found ready to cooperate, especially in the
plan of bringing western range ewes to their farms to be used 215

i ;\xxn.u. l{l-Zl‘OR'l` or rms Exiiaxstox Dnuzciota 7 l
Cum i producers of better lambs and wool. The scarcity of supply wa . _
The only limit to the number brought in; but with the aid of the Exe.,
)l_Lhy' sion Service, over 100,000 were brought to Kentucky farms, many
mscp under the group purchase plan recommended. This plan made it
IY {O 5 possible for small growers to fill their needs at the same prices  
wciul _ larger buyers. An encouraging feature is the increase in sheep gr 
‘ The   ing in the western part of the state and in other sections outside the
it [cw 1 central area where most of the sheep usually are raised. The en-
HCW ‘ couragement and help given to breeders so increased the number
Cd in of good rams that most farmers desiring to purchase good purebred
3 best rams were able to get them from Kentucky breeders. Increase in use
ybrids of proper feeding practices, besides other advantages, was especially
valuable in reducing losses from ketosis. The increasing use by
Sal in farmers of portable dipping vats reduced losses due to parasites.
C COL Dairymen operated 14 herd—improyement associations including
hzmdl   6,500 cows. The benefits accruing to members of these associations
1`atim] I and thru them to their neighbors did much to promote the voltnne
lc Om { and prohtableness of the dairy business. Creamery men, distributors,
gclings   and the l1`3de in general are intensely interested in this work and
Mm} i` also in the efforts of the Extension Service to improve the quality j
L- Thé   of product. Their trade association in convention adopted resolu- l
CSPCO tions expressing their thanks and their continued confidence. l
zsignedi The permanent identihcation project in cooperation with the
Dmc H   U· S· D€P?*i`UT1€¤f of Agfieulture identihed 12 proved dairy sires, ‘
1`ecom. l Two bull associations and two bull clubs were organized and 377
outinc. ` ° dairy leaders were trained. Besides the breeding school, held on the
irch at College campus, 24 feeding schools were held.
my by ` T Im€Y€$f among 4-H and Utopia club members in dairying in-
r desir- [ creased. There were 941 club members engaged in dairy projects;
Strains E ami when Ulf? time, labor, and expense of engaging in a dairy pro-
e close-   ject are considered, such results are distinctly encouraging. Patriotic
jwuj by   COHS1Ql€mU0¤S were, of course, an aiding factor. The excellent shows
the Ex- 1 of dairy cattle made by club members at the State Fair and at other
Wim ns l .pk1C€S» gave risc to Z1 popular demand for state-sponsored dairy cattle
[ shows by districts.
l)e(;;u1st   Hm"'? d€mOU$U‘8fi0H W0rk.—YVith all its success, the agricul-
mimym. wml extension work by no means Oversliaclowecl the 2lCC()111pllSlllllClll$
irrv ori, » of home. demonstration work in its several branches. Agents were
lg lylm. ; ;;;;l’§;)?*1*`*'f>l}’ €m})lf>§'C(l.lI1 58 (iOt11]l1(iS and as much work asiposstble
UC EU, mgdv mgtllll COl|I1[1eS \\'1lllO1l[ agents, several of whichv(‘ot1ntlCS.lT1il(lC
Y in the ‘ ,. 1 funds to employ agents but found the (iollege without
used as Snfhcient funds to join them.

8 Exrmvsion Cmcumn No. 380 j A
Perhaps a large proportion of the success of the home demonstra- l 0
tion work was due to the highly perfected organization known asj
the homemakers’ association. Each community and county has a _
complete organization with leaders assigned to each branch of work. j
The 58 counties are further organized into a state federation of
liomemakers. The system that has been developed has proved highly  
efficient, largely by reason of the leadership that has been recruiteilj
and trained. Of these leaders 10,606 attended 1,158 training schools.  
Under their system these leaders return to their community clubs; ‘
and teach definite practices by certain methods. It is not strangcj
that they were able to report 3,745,209 jars of fruits and vegetablesj
canned, nearly 20,000 garments remodeled, and conveniences antll "
appointments improved in the homes of more than 10,000 familiesj
Such activities beneht people where it helps 1T1OSt. j
Wlhen the full list of activities and accomplishments are takenj
into account, it is easy to understand the improved attitudes thatj
are developed. Altho the matter of attitudes is not a thing that can;
be measured or counted, it perhaps is more significant from thcé
standpoint of society at large than are the material accomplishments§
in themselves.  
National defense permeated all programs and pro_jects that tlicl
women undertook. Better nutrition, increased production and pre-i
servation of foodstuffs, the remodeling, repairing, and renovating oil
materials on hand, and other such enterprises were in the center all
the work. As an effective means for teaching democracy in generall
and national defense in particular, over 700 discussion groups wertl T
organized, and they functioned actively.  
The progress in work among the negroes was excellent. The small  
average size of farms operated by negroes caused them to ht in well 
with the efforts to teach how to live from the products of the home
farm. The increase in numbers of negro boys and girls enrolled ill
clubs was especially noteworthy and their performance was excellenl.~
During 19411 the l·`ood-for-Defense Program used from 25 to 5ll
percent of the county agent’s time. First in importance was fosterillf
the increased production requested—increased production of poultry.
dairy products, meat, and certain vegetables to be shipped to Britain
and her allies. Kentucky was well advanced on all these prog1`H¤l‘
before the national call was announced. Second in importance win
1 the campaign to have farms supply an abundance of vitamin-ridi

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nd prc-I {     .»   .   __‘: _ I ,, I » ~$· :g:_;:*· Z   ·
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rnter oi     I     ,,,, ,4 .  qi.
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rglieril i »g¤·=. ,»~!?‘?‘i`%·  \_  \__ Q , ,\ _` te  
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in well I   `"` Tl . i *~ ‘~   ·`
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k 'ghisdcellar was built at small cost from plans furnished by the Extension Service.
I O0 gardens and orchards are important but safe storage is equally imp0I'tG¤t.
5 to 5Ui ["(’(l$ [OY l10mC consumption, Next, as the war clouds gnthcrctl, il
`osteriut :***5 <`°¤$1l`l§
. .. · mo` ~ - ·. -
trogiatw I? (·l‘>$€l)’ Wllh other government agencies and to study ll\<>l`C
UCC was <·\l€lUll§‘ thetr functions and limitZ1ti0uS.
min-Hill " l(<<>l1l]>l1Sl1 gttutet results with the ltmttetl time lkml lllll(l$

 10 Exriaivsiou Cincumk N0. 380
available, a greater use of unpaid local leaders was developed. ln
the 120 Kentucky counties there were 11,920 unpaid, volunteer
local leaders assisting with adult programs-—an average oli nearly
100 per county, as compared with an average ol 77 per county in 1940.
YVork with negroes expanded rapidly. Twenty-three counties had
negro L1-1-1 clubs and in all counties negroes were given the same
kind ol advice and assistance as were the white [armers. For example,
there was a community [arm bureau organized in Fulton county, a
number of hybrid corn demonstrations conducted by negroes in
Daviess county, and Tennessee Valley Authority phosphate demon-
strations carried on in Graves county. Most negro [arm owners'
names are on the county agent’s mailing lists, and they receive the
circular letters, bulletins, and timely news articles issued l`rom the
county agentls oilice.
Some of the results subject to tabulation were the following.
compiled lrom the statistical reports:
Counties having agricultural agents ............,... . ...............   120
County extension organizations ..,................................... 116
Membership (men) .........,.................................... 15,521
Communities that built extension programs .......................... 993
Leaders in community-built programs ................................ 11,920
Leader training meetings ....................................,....... 2,407
Leaders in attendance ..........................,................ 31,319
Meetings held by local leaders, not participated in by county agents .... 5,627
Attendance .........................................,............ 100,988
Number paid A. C. leaders in adjustment programs .................,. 3.026
Method-and-result demonstration meetings .....,.. . .....,............ 3,532
Attendance ..................................................... 63,165
Other Extension meetings ............................................ 19.566
Attendance ...................................................... 613,838
Farm visits made by county agents ................................... 108.719
Farms visited by county agents ....................................... 53,310
Calls relative to work
Ofhce ........................................................... 922,722
Telephone ...................................................... 219,102
Individual letters written ............................................ 167,812
Total ol` all meetings held by county agents, including demonstrations,
leader training meetings, etc. ....................................... 25,505
Attendance ...................................................... 731,969
Animal projects in *1-H club work completed
Poultry ......................................................... 161.830
l)airy .................................. . ........................ 1,000
lleel ................................,........................... 1.950
Sheep ........................................................... 3,513
Swine ........................................................... :1,01-l
Organization and membership,-Ot Kentu¢·ky’s 120 counti€S
58 cooperated in the employment of home demonstration agents.

 J. . t ,._
· l
.»\myu.·ti. Riwoitr or ·riu·; Iixtnaxsiox Dmitcron 11  
€l· In Three counties having large 11egro rural population were served by
¤m€€i` 2 negro home demonstration agents. Community study groups l
n0tn`l§’ known as Homemakers Clubs, were organized in all communities  
I l940· where there was an interested group of women. Of such groups, 723
BS had with a membership of 15,357 rural women participated. As a result .
¢ $21tnC of the work with these women and thru their ellorts at spreading the
Htnt>l€» skills and information gained, over 80,00t) rural homes reported the
|nt)’» it adoption of improved homeinaking practices.
OCS in County and state federations of these groups help to unify and
l€tn<7n· strengthen their programs and to broaden tl1eir activities. Very
>W11C1`$l active committees promoted programs of citizenship, leisure time
ve the activities and community service. The state federation, besides its
nn thC annual meeting held during Farm and Home Convention at the
University of Kentucky, sponsored district federation meetings in
owing, six dillerent localities to which it brought outstanding speakers.
These meetings oller opportunities to those who are unable to attend
19*1190 the state meeting at the University. Over 3,000 homemakers from
lit} 56 counties attended.
15,35; lhe College of Agriculture and Home Economics maintains a I
11,920 supervisory stall at the University to assist the agents in problems
2,407 of program building and organization. A subject-matter stall assists
  the agents and trained local leaders in clothing, millinery, foods and
]()();QB8 nutrition, home furnishings, home management, parent education
  and child development, During the year lO,(iO6 local leaders at-
  tended l,l58 training schools. Besides the work done in counties
  <>1`g21niled for home demonstration work, specialists and sllpCl`\'iS0l`S
IOSQMQ iwslsted in district conferences for all counties and held meetings in
53,340 2*} t’<>llnties that had no home agents. Cooperative l)l`()jC(YlS \\'C1`C  
922,722 t`il1`l`ied in cooperation with the departments of Agronotny, Engineet`-  
219,402 ing, Horticultttre, Poultry, and Dairy and with the U. SJ Department
167·8l2 of Agriculture and other organizations.
25,505 Program of work.- l’rograms in any county are determined by
734*969 il ]>l`<><`eSs of community and county study and discussion. On lliC
164.880 basis ol` the neetls and interests as expressed by homemakers the
  ("’lllll}i Z\l`}‘ t‘t>ttn(‘il adopts a nragior project, a l\llllll)Cl` of lnit1<>1`
  illltl $]>Ct°i£tl—i11ttrrest projects, am] some Iiollow-tip \\‘<>l°l< UU [PNN
4,01-l studies. `l`l1c program also includes ciyic, recreational, social. and
welfare activities.
Defense activities.—National defense has permeated all pro-
Counticg ¥.l`?lfll$ Zilltl pwtiecls. 'l`l]Q food prtygraryr gave (jlll])llZl§iS [ttl   llUll`l‘
agents. tion to make a stronger America; (2) increased production of foods

 ` `
12 lix‘ri·;Ns1oN Ctizetitsxa No. 3bO  
  =-r  t     .``’   0   A
    ‘ ’’    t    . . . .,..  .  i , .    » »4   . ,.    —·’·’. . i
     »-  *-‘        
just because a home is inexpensive, it need not be unattractive. Look at the next  
picture to see what a little thought and work did for this small tenant house. {
r `
to provide farm families with a better living and to meet the needs  
for more food on all fronts—for labor, for our military forces, and  
our allies;   conservation of food resources thru better utilization,  
more careful buying, canning, drying, and storing. The homc-fur- 1
nishings program emphasized conservation of goods on hand thru 1
repair, remodeling, renovating, re0nishing, upholstery, slip covering, .
home construction, use of substitutes, and more intelligent buying. t
Problems of conservation of human energy to meet needs of labor ,
shortages, and better use of income have been the concern of home n
management. .
Homemakers participated in the organization of over 700 dis-   ‘
cussion groups which met 1,756 times, and in discussions at 14,437 1
other meetings on subjects pertaining to national defense-—toward it 1 _
better understanding of our form of government, our way of life,
and our relation to other countries. <
Thru the efforts of the home demonstration service, 1,272 volun- ~
teer leaders from over 700 communities participated in making col-
lections of scrap aluminum for defense.
Recreation and community life. -— Every county and community
homemal7   ing, hikes, vespers, dramatics, folk games, and camp fires. They
ard H   . offer farm women an opportunity for a worth-while vacation at small
f life, , expense. Members of the home demonstration staff served as leaders [
i and instructors for these camps.
volun-   Civic activities. — Citizenship projects were undertaken by home
g col- j demonstration groups in 5lG communities in addition to 7-l county-
I wide projects. .·\mong the activities were sponsoring health clinics,
runity . furnishing hospital rooms, sponsoring school lunches, buying equip-
ponsi- ` ment l`or school lunches. preparation of meals for school lunch, can-
iorale- ? ning for school lunch. Red (Iross sewing. sale ol` (Zhristnias seals,
ogranr contributions to welfare organi/ations, beautification of public
grounds and buildings, establishment of community rest rooms, and
tal of building connnunity houses.
ration Exterior beautification of the home.-These programs were
carried in 709 Kentucky communities with the assistance of over 800
[amily \"’lUN|CCl` leaders, Information on problems of llllllilllfgi [IW llf-HUC

 14 Exreusiou Ctizeuuuz No. 380
more attractive was given by these leaders or by the home demon-
stration agent at some 2,500 meetings. In1prove1nents reported by
about 22,000 families included improvement ol lawns; planting
shrubs, trees, {lowers, and vines; improvement ol walks and drive-
ways, porches, porch furnishings, out-ol-door living rooms, 187 public
grounds and buildings.
Mattress project,-A cooperative mattress pro_ject sponsored by
the Extension Service, the Agricultural Adjustment Administration,
and the Surplus