xt7x696zww20 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7x696zww20/data/mets.xml Snow, William Parker, 1817-1895. 1866  books b92-274-32007327 English C.B. Richardson, : New York : Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Confederate States of America Biography. United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Biography. Generals Confederate States of America Biography. Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. Southern generals  : their lives and campaigns / by William Parker Snow. text Southern generals  : their lives and campaigns / by William Parker Snow. 1866 2002 true xt7x696zww20 section xt7x696zww20 







     NEW YORK:
     540 BEOADWAY.
        - 865.


            Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1S6.3,

                      By, tiIIAP)1'S '3. RICHARDSON,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States fuar the Southern
                            D)istrict of New York.



  IT would be impossible, within the limits of a single
volume, to introduce an    account of all the Southern
officers who have borne the rank of General; and even a
narrative of the career of those justly conspicuous, would
reduce the work to the style of a mncre cyclopedia,.
  The author has, therefore, been compelled to make his
selections from  amon(g those most prominent, giving more
extended notice of the few towards whom, as the leading
champions of Southern Independence, the eyes of the
whole civilized world have been turned, since first the
sounds were heard, telling of conflict and war in these
long-peaceful States.
  It has been the author's endeavor to plaee before the
p)lbulic a truthful history, gathered from official documents,
personal correspondence, private information, and the volu-
minmous and   truly  valuable records of the newspaper

 This page in the original text is blank.



GENERAL ROBERT EDMUND LEE ..........     ..................  9


GENERAL P. G. T. BEAUREGARD ..........  .................. 199

GENERAL JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON ............................ 258

GENERAL SAtMUEL COOPER ................................. 288

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL JAMES Lo- GSTREET .................... 295

GENERAL BRAXTON BRAGG ............................... 321

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL R. S. EWE.L ......................... 343

MAJOR-GENERAL J. E. B. STUART .......................... 356

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL A. P. HILL.                        375

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL JOHN B. HOOD ....................... 384

MAJOR-GENERAL A. S. JOHNSTON ......  ... ............ 397

LIEU-TENANT-GENERAL LEONIDAS POLE ....................... 409

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL STERLING PRICE ..........2............ 42

LIZUTENANT-GENERAL E. KIRBY SMITH ...................... 437

AMAJOR-GENERAL JOHN H. 'MORGAN ........................... 445



 This page in the original text is blank.




                      CHAPTER I.
 Importint Position held by General Lee.-A Sketch of lhis Life more needed in
 Detail.-lis Ancestors.-Bisliop Mev I'l Wsr'; or Old 'irzila;a Fanilies.-Thornias
 Lee.-Ricltrd Henry and Francis LTghtr)ct Lee.- -General Hlurrv Lee.-Thanks of
 Congress to 3eneral Henry Le.-I-is Children.-- Robert Dhnuad Lee.

 TiE subject of tl-is memoui' bears so important a part in the
 great politieal and national strife now unfortunately waging
 in o01 land, and his own personal position in the social and
 militarv world has been of so higlh a standing, that it seems
 neeessary to enter more fully into the particulars of his life
 thant miav he deemed requisite as regards others. In common
 with several inme well-known, and well-tried soldiers of rank,
 he lias thoughlit fit to take sides with his native South against
 the North in thowe sad disprites which have ledc to so much
 fearful blood and slauglhter ;. and his past reputation in the
 army and on the btittlefield, has placed him at tIle head of all
 the forces arraved in1 hostile attitude against the flag to which
 he had formei'ly ownmd allegiance.  Thus lhe is, and ever will
 be known, as the mnst prominent and important personage
 connected with all the nilitary movements in the S&utli, while
 boldly and persistently conflonting the North. To his mnil-
 itary skill and genius, to his calm and clear-thinking mind, his
highl moral and social status, and the family influence of his
name, are undoubtedly due much of the strengtlh of the South,
and wwhatever success may have been achieved.    There may
be, and indeed there are some others in the Confederate ranks,
whose spirit-whose mind and body-also maintain and keep
infusing new life within the tiometimes flickering eletuents of
Opposition in the Seulth, but the name of Lee is in itself of ad-
ditional weight to what they could bring forward. Of a Vir-



ginian family, whose members for more than two hbndredI
yvears had been settled in the State, and some of whom  had
anided down to posterity names indissolubly connected wviti)
all that was bright, and glorious, and god-likce in the cause et
national freedom, besides being inseparably coupled with nli
to be esteemed in the mind and intellectual qualities of minn,
the present military Comnmander-in-chief of the South'ern
forces is one on whom all eyes turn, with more than ordiiuary
interest, and whose influence is, perhaps, even greater than
that of the President of the Confederate States himself. To
give, therefore, any thing like a fair and impartial account of
his life to the present time, is no slight nor easy task. We
have to forgt fbi,  i p6sition lIe hWts assumned towar(ds the
national poWer;' and, k-eeping, clehy of ll bias or fee'ing, save
that of s desire to picture thlc truth whe-resoever it be found,
bear in mind lhat we are puttn before tie world the history
of a man, himself distinguished from his youth by his own
deedls, but distin-uished e(int-ii y .s zoucle by his c'ose relation-
ship to two of the signers of Independence-Richard IHenry,
and Francis Lightfoot Lee,-to the Ltudwells, Corbins, and to
that friend and eulogist of Washington, his own father, General
Ilarrv Lee. Thus, in this menoir, we must take up the man.
as, well as the military chief in arms against the Government
of the United States, and we must deal witL the individual in
his actions, and, as far as we can uneherstand them, his motives,
as well as the public events that are conneeted with his name.
Nor must we forget that, in jutdging of the actions of onr fel-
low-men-especially of those holding a prominent position in
the public eye-we ought always to t.ke into consideration
the circumstances by which they are surrounded, and which
have often led thlem  onward, almost irresistibly.  Conse-
quently, the various links which bind any man to a course of
cond uct, frequently, to all appearancL, inexplicable, and some-
times reprehensible, should be carefully examined, when pla-
cing him nbefore the future in tile position wvhierein he lheas be-
come most prominenit. It is not tile passing hour that is to
canvass what he does; but it is the sons and daughters of
another day than this sad and painfuil one, who will have to
look at him and speak of him vith a calmer and more impar-
tial mind than can possibly noiv exist. To lead to this, to do




what present justice can be done to the individual, as well as
to the great military chief, is tlie object of the following me-
moir; and, to begin this aright, we xvill briefly introduce some
account of his family and their ancestors.
  In the reign of Charles I., of England, there lived in the
county of Shropshire a good old fanlily of the natne of Lee.
Induced, probably, by the flaming reports connected with the
still very young colony of Virginia, then not more than a few
years discovered, a member of this family, Richard Lee, went
over there in an official appointment under the Governor.
He wvas "a man of good stature, comely visage, enterprising
genius, a sound head, vigorous spirit, and generous nature.
When hie got to Virginia, which at that time was not much
cultivated, he was so pleased with the country that he made
large settlements there with the servants he carried over.. 
Afterw ards he made several voyages back to England. and on
one occasion, possibly considering his return not certain, " he
gave all the lands he had taken up and settled at hlis expense,
to those servants he had fixed on them, some of whose de-
scendants are now possessed of' considerable estates there."
  Finally, however, he again visited the colony, bringing with
him more followers, for whomr. a certain portion of land was
granted him under the title of " Ih-ead Rights." lIe now set-
tled definitely in that part of Virginia called the " Northern
Neck," and situated between the Rappahannoek and Poto-
mac rivers. Here, for a long time, he remained, acting as
secretary to Sir Win. Berkeley, the Governor, during that por-
tion of English history which beheld the master genius of a
powerful mind, in the person of Cromwell, triumphing over
the injustice and tyranny of the unhappy Charles, and finally,
when death took away the great Protector, saw the reinstate-
ment of monarchy in the form of a dissolute and extravagant,
thoughtless, young man. Lee, however, was faithful to his
trust, and the loyal sentiments of his early days. With the
Governor, he contrived to keep the colony firm in its allegi-
ance, and made it so respected by opponents that a treaty
was ratified in England, under Cromwell's hand, ranking it as
an independent State; and on the Restoration, having on its

 Meade; 137, Li:5e of R. H. Lee, p. 5.




arms the motto, En dat TV7rovwa quintam, changed since the
Union of England and Scotland, to En dat Vb'ginia quartamn.
  Thus, even at the very cominencement of the history of Vir-
ginia, we see the name of Lee identified with some of its most
important affairs, and, in. a measure, forming part and parcel of
the land.
  Richard Lee had two sons, Jnkhn and Richar(l. The first
was educated at Oxford, and was so clever and learned, that
he could have been promoted to high dignities in the Clinirch,
had not his father determined that all his children should set-
tle in Virginia. Accordingly, John returned there, and died
before the old man.
  Rielard Lee. the father, died and was buried in the land of
his love and adoption, leaving behind him a numerous progeny.
and thus, afterwvards, endearing the soil to every member of
the family name.
  Richard Lee, the son, was even more learned, if possible,
than his brother John. Ile "spent almost his whole lifb iI
study, and usually wrote his notes in Greek, IIebrewv, or Latin
-mnany of which are now in Virginia. Ile was of the Conn-
cil, and also in other offices of honor and profit. "  His wife
was a Miss Corbin, of England, and by her lhe had five sons
and one daughter.   His death occurred in Virginia, about
the year 1690.
  Of the children of this Riehard Lee, the danghter married a
Mr. William Fitzhughi, of Eagle's Nest, King George county,
Virginia,-son of the first William Fitzhugh ; and from this
union, a son-Williar Fitzliiughl, ot Clhatlham-was born. Of the
soins of the second Richard Lee, his eldest born, also a Richard,
wvent to England as a Virginia merchant, in partnership with
his maternal uncle, TI'homas Corbin. After a time he mnarried
a rich heiress, Miss Silk, and by her had one son, George, and
two daughters, who, on their father's death, weent to Virginia
and married and intermarried, respectively, into the families
of AVonley, Fairfax, Corbin, and Turberville. The Iiext son,
Philip, weent into M1aryland, where his descendants are numer-
ously and honorably found to the present day. The third
son died a bachelor. The fourth was a Thomas, who married

 Meade, 1p. 138.




a Miss Hannah Ludwell, of whose family a word must be
  The Lndwells, according to Bishop Meade, were an old and
honorable famnily, allied by marriage to the famous Lord Francis
Cottimgton, mentioned in Clarendon's History of the Rebellion.
Two b)rothlers, John and Philip, held high office here in the
timne of' Charles II., the first in the Virginia Council, the
second as Governor of Carolina, until, joining his brother, lhe
married the widow of Sir William Berkeley, by whom lhe had
a daughter (afterwards united to Colonel Parke, Governor of
the Leeward Islands in the West Indies), and one son, JAljp.
The Ludwells had now acquired a considerable estate in Vir-
ginia, and this son, Philip, rnarri(d a Miss Harrison, who bore
him tVo datughters and a boy. One of the daughters married
a Colonel Gryines of Virginia: the other, Thomas Lee. As
for the son, lhe ultimately married into the Gryrmes family,
and went to England for his health, where he died without
male issue, thereby leaving tbe name extinct. Three daugh-
ters were, however, born to Iiii.n, and these were considered
heiresses of some wealth.
  We now return to Thomas Lee, who, by his marriage, had
allied to his family name that of the Ludwells and the
  Thomnas Lee was a man of great parts and industry. f-e
speedily learned the languages, wvithout any assistance but his
own genius, and became a tolerable adept in Greek and Latin;
but, being a younger brother, with. many children and a
small paternal estate, lie felt time necessity of perseverance to:
aequirc that fortune which woi.ild properly establish themn in
life. This lhe attained to some considerable extent, and, more-
over, was appointed to the Council, of which he became presi-
dent,-bolding time position for many years, until his death.t
Ile was one of the first of the leading men of the colony who
turned their attention to our western wilds, and he employed
an engineer of note to explore them, especially about the Oh1io
river.  But lie had the keen foresight to tell of the ftuttire
disseverance of the Anierican colonies from. England, and even
while President of the Council, said to a friend that such must

     3leade, P. 138.           t Memoirs R. H. Lee, p 6.




inevitably be the ease, and that " the seat of government
would be located near the Little Falls of the Potomac river,:
where he afterwards took up large tracts of land, whjich until
lately were in possession ot hiis de-cendants. His principal
homestead, however, was at Stratford, where he had built a
mansion, still standing in 1iS6O, and considered "one of the
most remarkable buildings in this country."  It appears that
his original dwelling had been burned by a serious iire, and,
so great was the esteem in which lie was held, that Govern-
ment and merchants alike, and it is said even Queen Caroline,
contributed towards the erection of another suitable mansion
for hJim. Mr. Lossing, in his valuable "Field Book of the
Revolution," says: "There is no structure in our country to
compare with it. The walls of the first story are two and a
half feet thick, and of the second story two feet, composed of
brick imported from England. It originally contained about
100 rooms. Besides the main building, there are four offices,
one at each corner, containing fifteen rooms. The stables are
capable of accommodating 100 horses. Its cost was about
  Thomas Lee died in the year 1750, leaving six sons and two
daughters, all well provided for in point of fortune. Of these
children but a hasty notice can here be given, though they
belong to a day when men and women were the sires and
mothers of a people thenceforth a great nation in themselves.
But we have no need to say much. Their names dwell in thie
historv of their country's independence, and to that we refer
for those details our space and our purpose here forbid us to
  Philip Ludwell Lee, the eldest born, succeeded his father,
Thomas, at Stratford. He married a Miss Steptoe, and had
two daughters, Matilda, who married her second cousin, the
famous General Henry Lee of the Revolution (father of the
subject of our present memoir), and Flora, who married her
first cousin, Mr. Ludwell Lee, son of Richard Henry.
  The second son of Mr. Thomas Lee was Thomas Ludwell
Lee, and lie married a MAiss Aylett.
  The third son was the Richard henry just mentioned, who

 Lossing, ii., 217.




wara born on the 21st January, 1732, and died oIn the 19th
June, 1794. Educated, as was then customary,. in England,
it would lhave been supposed that his sentimients were any
thing, but favorable to Republican ideas; but when, after
various appointments, and after frequenitly uttering strong
ol)iriions as to the necessity for a severance from the mother
country, lhe became a member of the first Continental Congress,
his was the first voice to mnove a resolution on the 7th June,
177Ti, " That these united colonies are, and of right ouglht to
be, free and independent States; that they are absolved from
all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political con-
nectioii between them  and the State of Great B3ritain is, and
ouglht to be, totally dissolved."
  When this resolution was made public a soIn of his was at
school in England, and one day a gentleman, standing by,
asked his tutor, " What boy is this " The professor replied,
"lie is the son of Richard Henry Lee, of America." The
gentleman put his hand upon the boy's head, and said, " We
shall yet see your father's head upon Tower 1-ill." 'The boy,
however, promptly answered, I Yon may have it whlen you.
eall get it." That boy ,as tle late Lud well Lee, Esq  of

  Richard Henry Lee was married, first to Miss Aylett, by
whom lhe had four children, Thomas, Lud well, Mary, and Han-
niah ; and secondly, to a Aliss Pinkard, who bore himi three
dan gliters, Harriet, Sall, and Anne. These childrei mlarried
into the families of Alexander, Wsashington, Turheville, Maffit,
and thjeir cousins, the Lee's.
  The fourth son of Thlomas Lee was Francis Lightfoot Lee,
born October 14th, 1 734; died, April, 1797. Like his brother,
lhe was one of the signers of Independence, and his name also
lives to posterity as a true patriot and good mnan. Ie married
a M iss Rebecca Tayloe, daughter of Colonel John Tayloe, of
Rielhmoid county.
  The fifthl son, was WVilliam, who settled in London, and
became Sheriff and Alderman there, though effectively servinig
the American cause until war was declared, but ever after-
wards r]emnaining true to it in private.

                   Lossing's AmtUricaas; p. 187.




  The sixth son was Arthur Lee, who, " as a scholar, a writer,
a philosopher, a politician and diplomatist, was unsurpassed
by none, and equalled by few of his contemporaries. The ser-
vices rendered by him to his country as her minister, at foreign
cou rts, were most valuable."
  In the preceding brief extract of family history we have
omitted to the last, mention of one branch, viz., Henry Lee,
brother of Thomas, and fifth son of the second I'iechard Lee.
This Henry Lee married a Miss hland, and had several
children, amongst whom was also a Henry (the third son),
who was united to a Miss Gryines. Fromn this marriage came
five sons and three daughters. The eldest was called Henry,
born January 29th, 1756, whose military career during the
Revolution, and whose patriotismn, as well as his personal
friendship for Washington, are too well known to need dwelling
upon here. The following synopsis of his history, howllevel,
as given by Mr. Lossing, may be interesting.
  Henry Lee was first educated by a private tutor' under his
father's roof; and then sent to Princeton College, where, under
the guidance of Dr. Witherspoon, lie completed his studies,
and graduated in 1774. Twvo years afterwards, Patrick Henry
nominated him to the command of a cavalry company, raised
in his native State, for Continental service, under the general
command of Colonel Bland. In 1777, Lee's corps was placed
under Washington's immediate control, and soon acquired a
high character for discipline and bravery. Lee was speedily
promoted, and, with his legion, performed many daring ex-
ploits. In July, 1779, he captured a British fort at Paulus
Hook, for which Congress gave him thanks and a gold medal.
In November, 1780, Lee was promoted to Lieutenant-colonel,
and early in 1781 joined the army under Greene in the Caro-
linas. Here lhe performed efficient service for several months,
the services of his legion being of vast importance, and himself
ever in the front of success, as well as of danger.
  About the beginning of the year 1782 Lee returned to Vir-
ginia from the battle of Eutaw Springs, and married Matilda,
daughter of Philip Ludwell Lee, of Stratford. I-e resided
there with his father-in-law, and, in 1786, was elected to a seat

 Meade, p. 140.



in Congress. In 1791 lie was madle Governor of Virinia,
and in 17d94 was appointed by Wasliington to command the
troops sent to quell what was called thle Whiskey Insurrectioni,
in Western Pennsylvania. In 1799 lhe was a member of the
Federal Congress, and was chosen by that body to pronounce
a funeral oration on -the death of WVashington, in the House
of Representatives. At the time. Lee was temporarily ab setit,
and the oration was delivered by his friend, Judge Marshall.
]3ut in it were the well-rememnbered words, referring to Wash-
ino-ton, " le was first in war, first inl peace, and first in thle
hcarts of his countrymen."  In P101 lie retired to private life,
but was subject to great annoyance froin embarrassed circum-
  Ilis first wife having died, lie again married, and this time
io Antic, daugthlter of Chlarles Carter, of Sitirley, by whom lie
bIad, in 1S 06, Robert Edward Lee, the subject of the present
iiiemlioir, whio was l)orlm at the family seat of Stratford, in tile
same chamber where lielhardd hlenry- and Francis Li ghtfoot
Lee firzst sawv the lig-lt.
  Ill 180)! General hfarry Lee wr'ote his Memoirs of the War
itl the Soutlhern Department, anld ill 1814 lie was severely
womidi(ied ill all attempt to quell a disturbance at Baltimore.
From  this lie never recovered. Ill 1S17 lie went to the West
Iiidies for his health, but found no sensible relief. Onl his
return, the followingff spriing, lhe stopped to visit Mrs. Shaw, a
daughiter of General Greenle, on the coast of Geor'gia, amid thiere
lie expired onl the 25th of Marclh, 18l. at the age of (32 years.
  The character of Generall IIerry Lee, and indeed that of
other miembners of his family name, not excepting- the two
signers of Iindepenldernce, h)as been blackened by the -venomon ot
calumny ; but time, thlrough a close analysis of contempora-
neons facts, ever estal)lishes something of truth, and thlus
clears the faine of really great men. Suclh is the case witi
regard to the Lee family, and the impartial testimony of
candidc men gives to them a high l-meed of praise for tlheir
un11swerving- patriotismn and fidelity to their native land. This
is necessary to be understood ; amid, also, that in ally commenits
u11)0o1 the name of Lee, General Cliarles Lee, of thle hIevolu-
tionrary army, be not brougllt ill with those of whllom wve here
speak.  I-e was, wholly and absolutely, another person, anl




of another family, therefore his actions-good and bad-must
not be confounded with those of the Lees of Virginia. Of
them, Bishop Meade says: " I have been intimately acquainted
with some most excellent specimens of true piety amongw
themi-too many to be specified and dwelt upon. If tradition
and history, and published documents, are to be relied on,
the patriotic, laborious, self-sacrificing, and eloquent Tichard
Ilenry Lee of the Revoluition1 must have deeply sympathized
w-ith Washington and Pes ton, Randolph and Pendleton, and
Nicholas and Henry, in their religious character and senti-
ments. . . . When the question about paying debts in
depreciated currency came on, Mr. Lee evinced his highi and
honorable sense of morality in the earnest and eloquent op-
position made to it. Ile declared that nothing so deeply
distressed him as a proposition which. lie regarded as a viola-
tion of honesty and good faith amnong men, and said that it
would have been better to lhave remained the honest slaves of
.Britain than dishonest freemen !"
    Of the descendants of so great and good a man," continues
the bishop, " I cannot refrain from adding, that many of thenm
are characterized by exemplary piety, and that lie has left a
numnerous posterity of children, grand-children and great-
grand-ehildren, who valk in the fear of the Lord, while they
still belong to, and love the Church of their ancestors."
  But, confining ourselves to the immediate parentage of the
present General Lee, we find also abundant testimony iii favor
of exeellence and worth inherient amongst them. The gold
nedal presented by Congress with a vote of thanks to " Legion
Harry, " had, on one side, a bust of the liero with the words
CANA=, and on the reverse, as translated, " Notwithstanding
rivers and intrenebments, lie with a small band conquered the
foe, by warlike skill and prowess, and firmly bound by his h1U-
inanity those who had been conquered by his arms.   In
incinory of the conflict at Paulus Hook, 19th of August,
1779. "
  Again, we read elsewhere, that General Greene in writing of
hin, said  "lie had been under obligations to Lee which he

 Lossbig, ii., 623.





could never cancel, " and, as to his military services, he added
in a letter to Lee, " I believe that few officers either in Europe
or America are held in so high a position of admiration as you
are.  Everybody knows I have the highest opinion of you as
an officer, and you know   I love you as a friend.   No man in
the progress of the campaign had equal merit with yourself.'
   The " love and thanks," expressed in a letter to Lee, from
Waslhington, in 17S9, exhibit the affection which his qualities
lhad inspired in the bosom   of his chief, and in Vircrinia he is
still known by the name of " Legion Harry. "        His remains
reposed near those of his waram fri.end, General Greene.    " His
releutless creditors could rob him  of his personal liberty, but
could not chain his noble mnind, nor lol) him of a well-earneCd
fame to the glorious title of an HONEST MIAN."
   Genieral Lee, by his first -wif6, had a son, Henry, and        a
daughter, Lucy. The Son (the late Major Henry Lee) wrote
and published a work called "' The Campaign of 1781,' etc.,
vindieatino, his father from  certain attacks made upon hill.
by his second wife, the hlad the following children : Charles
C(arter Lee, Robcrrt Elmandl      zeet Smith   Lee, Ann, and

   Judson's Sages and Heroes of Atmer. Rev.
  f THuE PEDIGREE OF THE LEE FIrILY.-TIhe Virginia Chronicle publishes
the pedigree of the family of General Lee. It is from an old manuscript which
has been shown to the editor. The Chronicle says:
  "This venerable manuscript, which bears the date 1750, was received by
Mr. Mlead (who is a gentleman of intelligence and character) from his mother,
Mrs. Mead (widow of the Rev. Zachariah Mead, formerly of Richmond). Mrs.
Mead received it from her father, who received it from his father, General Hull.
It consists of several large sheets, and is written partl v in Latin and partly in
Englisli.  Accompanying the pedigree are some mutilated deeds, which,
although much injured, exhibit the descending rights and titles to several
lands. These deeds are in Latin, and written on the old stamped paper of
Eligland, and, to the antiquarian, are a ifare object of curiosity and interest.
  "The genealogy of the Lees of Virginia, from 1666,-just where this pedigree
breaks off;-is well known, and may he found in Bishop _Meade's well-known
work on the Old Churches and Families of Virginia.
  'oThe manuscript commences abruptly with the name of Hugo de Lega, or
de Le, without date. The first name with date is that of Johes de Lee, Miles,
to) whom Hugo de Hinton gave the land, as by the old chart. Opposite this
aiame is the date 1t33. The father of Johes de Lee was Thomas de la Lee.
The simple name of Lee occurs first as Ricardus Lee of Langly, about the year
1500. The first name of Robert is Robertus de la Lee, son of Johes de in Lee
he married Margarita, daughter and Leir of Thomas Astly of Nordly, about



   In October, 1860, a petition was signed by the cavalry and
infantry companies, and other military officers encamped near
Richlmnond, to be presented to the next Legislature, " for the
removal to Virginia of the       remains of General Harry        Lee,
from  his burial-place in Georgia, upon the lands once owned
by  his companion in arms, General Greene."             The locality
of the encampment has since been called Camp Lee, " after
the illustrious hero, Harry Lee."

1400. The first name written in English is Thomas Lee of Cotton, in King's
Nordley, in the Parish of Alvely, who was the son of Johannes Lee.
  "There are several coats of arms on the manuscript. That of Ricardus Lee,
of the direct line, is as follows: A shield with a crescent of a squirrel sej ant,
eating a nut or flower; a lion rampant gardant in sinister chief: a star in
urecise middle chief; dexter chief, a blood-red field with embattled bars of bllue
and yellow. The dexter base, a black cross on white field, with a lion's head,
crowned, in one corner. The middle precise base is a chevron of white, on a
red field, a white bar, the fesse point on a green field. The sinister blase the
same as the dexter chief.
  "The Lancelet arms are a shield with crescent squirrel-dexter chief, red
field, with blue and yellow embattled bars. Sinister chief, a star on blue field.
Dexter base same as sinister chief, and sinister base same as dexter dluief.
There are no middle divisions on this shield. The prevailing white indicates
royalty; the star, grandeur; the lion, courage; the red, war; the cross, rhi-
gion, and, with the crowned lion, denotes the Church of England.
  " The pedigree was extracted from the London Tower, and is certified by
Charles Townley, York, and John Pomfret, Rouge Croix, August Ist, 17 0.
  "Henry Lee, the son of the first wife, was a major in the war of 1812, and
wrote the Strictures on the Writings of Jefferson, also a Life of Napoleon
Bonaparte. Sidney Smith Lee was a commodore in the old United States iNavv,
and is now Chief of the Bureau of Orders and Detail, Navy Department, inl
Richmond. He commanded at Drury's Bluff for a long time. Robert Edmund
Lee is at Petersburg-the General Lee of this day.
  " He married Miss Custis of Arlington, in Alexandria County, the daughter
and heiress of George Washington Parke Custis, the adopted son of General
Washington, who married Mrs. Custis, his mother.
  " General Lee has three sons-Brigadier-general G. W. Custis Lee, aid-de.
camp to the President (he passed No. 1 at West Point); Major General W. H.
F. Lee, commanding a division of cavalry in the army of Northern Virginia,
and Robert Edmund Lee, who entered the army at the instance of his father
as a private in the Rockbridge artillery. He is now on the staff of General
Fitzhugh Lee. Besides these children, General Lee had four daughters,-
Mary, Anne, Agnes, and Mildred,-all of them unmarried, and one of whom
(Anne) has died during the war. General W. H. F. Lee married a Miss Wick
man, who died a year or two since.
  " General Fitzhugh Lee, of the cavalry, is the son of Commodore Lee."




  Ancestrv not to be lightly esteemeed.-The parents of great men entitlel to pralise
for the carly promptingt ofyoutli.-They are not to be forotten in thle fale of the
son.-Y oth of Robert E. Iee.-Enters West Point as a C'adet-Gradnates, anld is
appointed  Lieutenant of Engincers-Alarries ';nto the Custis family.-Madle Cap-
tnin, an(I appointed miemlber of Bozard of Visitors to Military Academy.-Attached
to Ariny ot Mexico -General Scott's Ligh opinion of him-Extracts from Scott's
Aloboripi8rthx -Cantatin Lee's services in