xt7xd21rjz25 https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7xd21rjz25/data/mets.xml Kentucky Negro Education Association Kentucky Kentucky Negro Education Association 1948 The most complete set of originals are at Kentucky State University Library. Call Number 370.62 K4198k journals  English Kentucky Negro Educational Association: Louisville, Kentucky  Contact the Special Collections Research Center for information regarding rights and use of this collection. Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal African Americans -- Education -- Kentucky -- Periodicals The Kentucky Negro Educational Association (K.N.E.A.) Journal v.20 n.1, November-December, 1948 text The Kentucky Negro Educational Association (K.N.E.A.) Journal v.20 n.1, November-December, 1948 1948 1948 2020 true xt7xd21rjz25 section xt7xd21rjz25   




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"An Emu! Ednuflonll Opportunity for five?! Kentucky Child"










The Kentucky
State College

Frankfort. Kentucky

(Io-educational Class A College

Degrees Offered In
Arts and Sciences
Home Economics —— Agriculture
Business Administration

Engineering -— Industrial Arts







 The K. N. E. A. Journal

Official Organ of the Kentucky Negro Education Association





Published by the Kentucky Negro Education Association
Editorial Office at 2230 West Chestnut Street
Louisville 11, Kentucky

W. H, Perry, .111, Executive Secretary, Louisville, Managing Editor
Whitney M. Young, Lincoln Ridge, President of K.N.E,A,


Membership in the K.N.E.A. includes subscription to the Journal.
Rates of advertising mailed on‘reques’c.



K. N. E. A. Directors“
Editorial Comment. Announcements.
Education in Kentucky, Whitney M. Young.
The United Nations and Human Rights, Rayfol'd W. Logan...
New President Honored, Mrs. Katherine E. Taylor..
fiepofl of Legislative Committee...
Over the Editor’s Desk
The Teacher is the Key, J. M. Tyding:
Committees, 73rd Annual Convention
Abstract of Financial Report of Sea-Tree
Central High School Pupil Honored, Fred Coll.
Louisvillian Made Assistant Supervisor..
Douglass School Dedicated.













 KiNJlA. OFFICERS FOR 1943-1949

Whitney M, Young, President .Lincoln Ridge


W, B. Chenault, First Vice—President Stanford
B, G, Patterson, Seccnd Vice—President eorgetown

Alice D, Samuels, Historian,
w. H, Perry, Jr., Secretary
Whitney M,‘ Young, President, Lincoln Ridge
Robert L, Bowery . , . . . Franklin
C, so Nuckolls. .Ashiand
Victor K. Perry Louisville
E, w. Whiteside Paducah
Edward T. Buford, High School and College Department Bowling Green
Mayme R. Morris, Elementary Education Department Louisville
Emma E, Bennett, Rural School Depanment Louisville
R. L. Carpenter, Music Department Louisville
B. w. Browne, Vocational Education Departmen Padueah
John v. Robinson, Principals’ Conference Elizabethiown
Arline E, Allen, Primary Teschers‘ Depa e Louisville
Hattie Figg Jackson, Art Treachers’ Conferenc Louisville
G. w. Jackson, Social Science ,Teachers‘ Conierenee Louisville
Gertrude Sledd, Science Teachers’ Conference. Danville
Christine B. Redd, English Teachers‘ Conierence Louisville
Catherine o. Vaughn, Librarians Conference .Louisville
W, L. Kean, Physical Education Department.
w, H. Craig, Guidance Workers’ Conference
A, J. Richards, Foreign Language Teachers’ Conference

William ’1‘. Davidson, Adult Education Conference,“

Bettie C, Cox, Paducah irst District Association
Jacob Bronaugh, Hopkinsville econd District Association
H, C, Mathis, Drakesboro Third District Association
N. S. Thomas, Horse Cav ourth District Association
Agnes G. Duncan, Louisville, .Filth District Association
W, B. Chenault, Stanford. Blue Grass District Association
H, R, Merry, Covington Northern District Assoication
Karl Walker, Hazar Eastern District Association
Esther R. Ball, Middles or pp timberland District Association

The directors of the Association have the responsibility of direct»
ing the execution of its policies when the organization is not in session,
and of deciding on plans of action when emergencies arise, These func.
ticns have engaged the attention of the successive Boards, and each has
attacked Wisely the problems presented to it,

An evidence of confidence in their leadership was shown by the
return to the Board, at the last election, of Messrs, C. B. Nnckuiis,
Vicmr K. Perry and E, W, Whiteside. Mrl Robert L, Bowery, farm.
erly first vice-president and active in state educational circles, was
elected to the Board. Mr, Bowery sent the following Statement for
publication: “I take this means of expressing my thanks to those per-
sons who expressed their confidence in me by selecting me as one 01
the members of the Board of Directors, I realize the importance of
this great responsibility, and shall strive to prove myselt worthy, Your
counsel and suggestions for a greater K.N.E.A. will be appreciated by
















B. T. Washingtcn High School Central High School
Ashland, Kentucky Louisville, Kentucky


E‘ W. MHITESIDE, Principal ROBERT L. DOWERY, Principal
Lincoln High School Lincoln High School
Paducah, Kentucky Franklin, Kentucky







Is it possible, under any condition, for equality of educational op—
pnrtunity to be offered graduate students in Kentucky upon a segre—
gated basis? This issue will he argued in the Federal Court at Lex—
ington next January 4, when the suit of Lyman T. Johnson for ad<
mission to the University of Kentucky comes to triali

In Oklahoma, Texas and Arkansas, similar, but less compreheih
sive issues have been carried to the Supreme Court of the United
States. In each instance the intrepl'eiation of. the Constitution gave a
blow to segregation, None of the states responded by a complete re-
moval of barriers; each developed a stratagem for maintaining some
form of segregation within the new interpretation Hi the law. Ken-
tucky, officially, is following this pattern through the Kentucky State

-College~UniVetsity of Kentucky tie-up in an attempt ta defeat the
Johnson suit, The attorney-general Cf the Cnmmonwealth not only
interpretated the law; he put on his armor and wielded his sword
vigorously in defense of the Day law.

But many Kentuckians of both races are convinced that as long
as the Day law is on the smtute books the facilities offered Negraes
will be grossly inferior and inadequate. Further, the liberal sentiment
develoging among leading newspapers, civic groups and students makes
this an appropriate state for me test, The K.N,E.A. joins with other
groups in supporting the Johnson suit to test the question on its merits.
The decision in Kentucky will have national significance,


The 1949 conventinn of the K.N,E.A. will be held in Louisville,
Kentucky, April 20—22

A dance, complimentary to Associatiim members will be held on
the opening evening, following the first general Session, Tickets at
admission will be issued upon presentation of K.N.ElA‘ membership

The annual musicale is set 101' Friday evening, April 22, Tentative
plans provide that the program consist partly at numbers by an All-
State Chorus, composed of pupils sent by schools of the state. Under
the plan, pupils would be made familiar with the musical selections by
their teachers as a part of their class mom Work. The blending of the
groups into a chorus, to appear during the musicale, would be done by
a director specially skilled in Lhis field. Final practices would he held'
in Louisville on April 21 and 22, at such hours that teachers of the
state may observe the techniques employed.

Annual membership dues 0! three dallars should be sent to the
secretary-treasurer now!

The Annual Spelling Coniest will be held Friday Morning, April 22,


 Education In Kentucky

By Whitney M, Young, President, K.N.E.A.

During the 1948 session or
K,N.E.A., many important top.
ics were discussed by men and
\chen of wide experience end
broad intelligence. Most of the
advice was sound and delivered
with earnestness.

If the speeches and discus-
sisns are indicative of What is
to Come, the future is bright in.

Ha ing been elected without
opposition to the highest office
. within the gift of the Associa-
tion I hereby pledge every
once cf energy, courage and
devotion at my command to the
pupils, teachers, and iriends of
education in Kentucky. I shall
expect the full cooperation and
advice of all to the end that
Kentucky may have an educa-
V tional system second to none

and based upon the needs, interests, and opportunities of each of the

120 counties of the state.

I shall oppose by voice and pen every make shift device and pro—

- posal designed to stifle the rightful ambitions of every child regardless
of race, creed, or color.

I will work with honest man for an honest program that places
the good 'of the community, the state, and the nation above all else


The following broad program of action, based on first hand in—
formation will serve as a guide:

I, finalization of teachers, salaries, special service phase,

2. Expansion of agricultural andshop courses in high schools.

3‘ Complete reorganization of libraries,

4, Improvement of school buildings.

: so Establishment or guidance programs in all high schools and

and colleges,
l7. Legal transportation for all students. Limit distance so it will
seem reasonable,
'1. Wider use of Negro books as reference material in all schools,
9. Equalization of education on graduate level,
lo, Adequate programs in Health Education and Physical Education.

'11. Expand college program to meet the practical and professional

needs of the day. Greater emphasis on agriculture, engineering, business.
12. A csmpaignlto obtain funds to establish a research bureau to




 compile and disseminate information on the Negro,

13. Special assistants in Home Economics, Trades, Elementary
Education and Library Division,

lat Improved science laboratory for General Science, Biology,
Chemisoy. ' '

15. Special study oi veterans program in Kentucky.

16 Increased aid for 4-H Club work.

17. Greater cooperation in carrying out program for handicapped

18. Special attention to problems of one room schools,

No community, no individual, and no group will be denied a hear-

We shall strive to have an association of the teachers by the teachers
and (or the teachers.

We eamestly seek the help and council 0! every Organization and.
individual from the humblest citizen to the greatest,

With firm faith in the right as God gives us wisdom to see the right
we shall move forward to higher goals,




Scholarships For Teachers
1r *

Community Financial Service, Inc., announces with
pleasure that it offers ten scholarships of $l00 each to
individuals in the teaching profession who desire to attend
summer school in l949. These aids will be given on the




basis of need, character, promise as educational leaders, 3
and scholarship. Applications from teachers, librarians and E
other school people, ages Zl to 35, who have completed 3
at least two years of college will be welcomed. A Com- g
mirtee of outstanding Kentucky educators will make the §
awards. If interested, request scholarship application E
form of: 3

2‘0 Citizens Bank Building g

I’. O. Box 856 Lexington, Kentucky E


 Summary of Address "The United Nations
and Human Rights"

By anford W. Logan Head, Department of History, Howard
University, Washington, D.C; Member, I! 5, National Com-
mission for UNESCO.

(The address was delivered during the 1948 Convention of the K.N.E.A.)

The United Nations and‘ the
United Nations Educational, Seien-
tific and Cultural Organization
have practically no legal power to
establish international peace and
security or “respect for human
rights and the fundamental free-

dams for all without distinction as
to race, sex, language or religion.”
Their resolutions may, however,
have a salutary effect in helping
to achieve these ubjectives.

Standing in the Way of promot-
ing human rights within nations
is Article 2, paragraph 7 of the
Charter of the United Nations
which stipulates: “Nothing con—
tained in the present Charter shall
authorize the United Nations to
intervene in matters which are
essentialb’ within the domestic
jurisdiction of any state, . 3’ Each
nation has the right to determine

for itself whether the matter is Within its domestic jurisdiction.

The action of the United Nations with respect to laws segre-
gating and discriminating against Indians in the Union of South Africa
makes abundantly clear the lack of coercive power of the United
Nations, It should be noted, first, that the issue was raised by Madam
Pandit, the sister of- Nehru and an official delegate of India to the
'General Assembly of the United Nations This fact is important be-
cause it reminds us that individuals in their private capacity have no
right to protest to the United Nations against injustices from which
they suffer In other words, the injustices inflicted upon Negroes in
the United States can come before the United Nations only if an official
delegate of some nation should make a plea in their behalf It is al-
most inconceivable that a delegate of the United States will make this
plea. Perhaps Haiti, now that the Republic is free from financial con-
trol by American bondholders, will raise the issuer Little can be ex-
pected from Liberia since that Republic is still “Firestone‘s spare tire.”
NOW that Ethopia has regained her independence she is likely to te—
turn to her former position of denying identification with Negroes.
'With the exception of Haiti no Latin American nation is likely to
criticize at the United Nations the treatment of Negroes in the United

, Even more important than the necessity for an official delegate to
,pnaent the problem of maltreatment of minorities is the fact that, it



 the nation in question declares that the issue is ”Within its domestic
jurisdiction," the United Nations can not intervene, Prime Minister
Smuts of the Union of South Africa, one of the most vicious race-
baiters on earth if Hitler is really dead, declared that the treatment of
Indians in the Union of South Africa was a “domestic" question. The
General Assembly thereupon adopted a resolution urging India and the
Union cf South Africa to compose their differences This resolution is
typical of the policy at the League at Nations, a policy which i have
characterized as one of “survival by postponement and evasion.” In.
brief, the Union of South Africa has continued its policy of segregating
and discriminating against Indians.

UNESCO has a provision in its Constitution quite similar to that
in the Charter of the United Nations and hence it can legally do noth-
ing to correct inequalities or teachers salaries in Kentucky or in any
other state.

One illustration of the possible moral value of the United Nations
is seen in the proposed International Declaration of Human Rights and
the proposed Convention on Human Rights, The Declaration could
have no binding effect but it might, like the Declaration of Indepen—
dence, proclaim a set of principles that would at least furnish a yard—
stick for departure from those principles and a guide to uneasy can—
sciences. We should, therefore, join other organizations in seeking to
obtain a strong International Declaration of Human Rights and the
ratification of a forthright Convention on Human Rights If the Senate
should ratify the Convention, it like other treaties would become the
law of the land.

Both the Declaration and the Convention were drafted by 3 Com—
mission on Human ’Rights of the Economic and Social Council of the
United Nations, The United Nations can not compel any nation to ap-
prove the Declaration or ratify the Convention. But it is hoped that
agreement upon these basic principles ’of Human Rights by representa—
tives of most of the nations of the world will facilitate approval of the
Declaration and ratification of the Convention by the United States and
other nations,

The United States National Commission for UNESCO, on which
I have the honor to represent the American Teachers Association re-
cently took action which illustrates the moral influence of the ideals of
UNESCO, I pointed out that it was well night impossible to teach the
ideals of UNESCO in a segregated school system. After considerable
discussion the United States National Commission for UNESCO adopted
the following resolution: “Resolved, that the National Commission urge
that members organizations of the National Commission in conducting
meetings where the subject of msco is discussed, invite people to
part ipate without racial or religious discrimination.”

On Monday, April 19, a meeting at some white and colored teachers
will be held in Washington in accordance with this resolution Since
these teachers meet separately in their education organizations just as
they do in Kansas, the significance of this step is evident I hope that
some one connected ith the United States National Commission for
UNESCO will be suffi enfly interested to accomplish a similar meeting
in Kentucky,

The “cold war" between the United States and the Soviet Union
has convinced many American statemen of the vulnerability of the
United States as far as her treatment of minorities especially Negroes,
is concerned For this reason many proposals that were hardly given



 a hearing a few years or even months ago are now sympathetically
considered. Typical of the new attitude is the strong support now given
to Fundamental Education, a term used to describe an attack upon lack
of educational opportunities in dependent territories, backward nations
and even in the United States. But again it should be remembered that
each nation member of UNESCO determines for itself the extent to
which it‘ will implement the resolutions of UNESCO. The existing
friction between the United States and the Soviet Union may well
serve to accelerate action on the resolutions of UNESCO as Well as on
reiorms begun by Americans before the birth of UNESCO.

One of my graduate students recently dug up a newspaper report
of a meeting at Liederkranz Hall in Louisville on October 15, 1833 of
Negro representatives from twenty-seven states to a conference on
education. This conference, which elected Frederick Douglass pre-
manent chairman, passed a resolution in favor of zederal aid to public
education. it also expressed criticism of segregated school systems,
Today we are still engaged in the struggle to obtain these objectives.
Because of the international situation the chances for success are better
than they have been before, “The Time is nowi"

New President Honored

BY Mrs, Katherine E. Taylor

Mr, Whitney M. Young, the newly elected president of the K.N.EiAi
was honored with a special program by the Lincoln Institute Family,
at Lincoln Ridge, Kentucky. The “family“ recently selected Mr. Young
as “Man of the Year” at Lincoln because of the outstanding contribu-
tions he has made to the educational program at the institution.

The many achievements of this dynamic leader were brought to
the attention or the Large and appreciative audience by a verse speak-
ing choir composed of ten young ladies from the student body.

Glowing tributes Were paid Mr. Young by students, faculty mem-
bers, and friends. Dr. R. B Atwood President cf Kentucky State
College, Dr C_ L Thomas Mr. Willian'i H. Perry, Jr and Mrs. Patrick
Hill, Louisville, Kentucky, were among the out of town speakers who
extolled the work of this great man and made everyone aware of the
admiration and respect in which he is held by fellow Kentuckians of
both races.

Mrs. Minnie J. Hitch, President of the State P.T.A., spoke highly
of Mrs. Young and. the two charming and talented daughters, as Well
as of the successful son, Whitney Jr, Mrs, Hitch did not fail to state
that Mr. Young’s success had been due in a large measure to the cour—
age, stamina and faith exhibited by his good wife.

Many eyes were filled with tears as Mrs. Arnita Young Farrow
told, in a pleasing manner, how “Daddy”, the “Man of the Year“, had
always found time to pal with his children and to share with them
their ambitions joys and disappointments. A beautiful engraved cup
expressed in a tangible way the deep love and affection these children
have for their father

Special music for the occasion was rendered by the Lincoln In-
stitute Chorus, under the direction of Miss Lydia Ann Chenault and the
Strains .of Harmony, a musical group from The Seventh Day Adventist


 Temple, Louisville, Kentucky, under the direction of Mrs. Tacoma

Useful and beautiful gifts were presented ”The Youngs" by two
faculty representatives, Miss Helen Rankin and Mr. A, J. Pinkney. Miss
Helen Pinkney, a directed teacher at Lincoln Institute served as mis»
tress of ceremonies and her mother, Mrs. A. J. Pinkney was faculty
hostess for, the reception which followed,

The Lincoln Institute Family feels that it made wise choice in
choosing Mr. Young, “Man of the Year" for truly he is worthy of the
crown. He is optimistic, understanding, sincere, patient, persistant and
kind and endeavors to lift others as he climbs.

Report of Legislative
Committee, K.N.E.A.

This report, adopted unanimously by the Association at its con-
vention last April, is a statement of objectives to be sought during the

1. The Kentucky Negro Education-Association voices the senti—
ment of its constituency in expressing appreciation of Governor Earl
Clements and members of the 1948 Legislature for the advances Which
they made possible through increased appropriations and several other
favorable measures for the improvement of public education for all
citizens in the State. We mention especially the fairness shown in the
distribution of funds to the three state schools for higher secondary
and vocational education of Negroes, namely, the Kentucky S ate
Cnege, Lincoln Institute, and West Kentucky Vocational Trai ing
School. .

2. Nothwithstanding the favorable official consideration just me
tioned, we are not unmindful of many inequalities in education far:
ties and administration which remain to be remedied. of first impor-
tance is the great disparity between file building and general physical
plants of schools for Negroes and the other state supported schools.
These differences have accumulated over the years until the inferiority
of the plants of the institution for Negroes is readily obvious.

1n the same category is the salary situation between the races in
many local systems, despite legislation and general public sentiment to
the contrary. Certain systems persist in practicing the “Special Service"
technique in such a Way as to discriminate among teachers of the same
rank and Work in white and colored schools.

We recommend that the Board of Directors of K. N. E. A. and other
properly constituted committees make a continuous fallow~thraugb on
these inequalities until equality in facilities and salaries becomes an
actual reality.

3. Due to recent legislation which has placed the matter of erect-
ing‘ public buildings in the hands of the newly created Kentucky Build.
ing Commission, we strongly recommend that the three State Schools
for Negroes prepare a long range, over-all forecast of building needs
for their campuses and present same to the said commission, And
further, that the K.N.E.A. render every possible cooperation with the
heads of these schools in their efforts to Secure needed buildings.

4. The Day Law.

The Association take a degree of satisfaction in the fact that a



 slight breach in the state‘s discriminatory laws was scored in the pass-
ing of an act granting conditional entrance of Negro students into
institutions for education in health services,

It is therefore recommended that the KN‘EA. join with the South-
ern Regional Council, the Blue-Grass Medical Association, and bodim
with similar objectives to secure the implementation of this law.

It is recommended, further, that the campaign for the end of the
Day Law be constant and vigorous until it is finally stricken from the
State’s legal code,

5. To deal with the many and many»sided problems which exist
along the racial Iil'leY it is recommended that K.N.E.A. request the
Governor to appoint a State—Wide Committee for the study of civic
and educational problems that have special reference to Negroes and
general interest to the whole people of the State.

G. The Anderson— Mayer Lew.

While the K.N.E.A. views the Anderson—Mayer Law as a temporary
device to bridge the gap between the present status of Negro education
and the eventual liberalization of educational policy and laws in Ken—
tucky, it must insist upon the liberalization of that Law, in the mean-
time, to cover a large area of out-oi-state studies under its authority.
Several fields of higher and professional education yet remain to be
included as proper functions of that law.

7. The Kentucky State College.

The call for stronger Land Grant phases of the Kentucky State
College has been insistent for many years. Yet, but little in that
direction has been accomplished, It is only just and equitable that
much greater support be given by the State and Federal governments
to the development of stronger departments of Agriculture, Home Eco-
numics, and Industrial Arts, and that a unit of the Reserve Officers
Training Corps be installed at the College,

The Kentucky State College has on file an application for the
R. 0T.C unit and has taken advance steps to secure approval for same
from the controlling officers of the government

It is therefore recommended that the K.N,E.A. give its full coop—
eration to the President of the Kentucky State College in this Worthy

8. State Council on Higher Education.

The School Code of 1934 created the State Council on Higher Edu-
cation and gave it Considerable power in setting policies, shaping cur.
ricula, and otherwise influencing the administration of education in all
the State colleges and universities.

singularly, this law omitted the president of the Kentucky State
College from the list of State College heads, which arrangement. has
resulted in many awkward situations at Kentucky State College, be-
cause of regulations to which it must conform, and in some cases of
which he was informed only through the public pressl This is mani-
festly an unjust and impracticable discrimination which should be
removed Therefore we recommend that the Association through its
regular or specially Set»up machinery seek relief from this law in the
next meeting of the Legislature.

9. State Supervision n1 Vocational and Academic Education {or

We call attention to the urgent need of supervision in the field at


 Negro Education. filly two part—time State Supervisors are now em»
played in the five fields of operation that need supervision, These fields
are those 0! (a) Home Economics, .17) Agriculture, (o) Industrial Arts,
(d) Elementary Education, and (e) High School Education.

It is recommended that the Board of Directors or a special com—
mittee continue a beginning which they have made toward securing
these needed Workersl It is suggested that such bodies discuss the
whole supe‘rvisory setup and needs with the State Superintendent of
Public Instruction.

10. Federal Aid,

The K.N.E.A. reiterates its oft expressed approval and support
of Federal Aid to Public education in the states. We appreciate the
progress that has been made by the passage of 5.3. 439 through the
Senate, We recommend that the Board of Directors write all Con~
gressional delegations from Kentucky urging their support of this bill
in the House at Representatives.

11. Regional Colleges and Universities.

The Kentucky Negro Education Association hereby expresses its
opposition to the establishment of segregated Regional Colleges and
Universities and other schools on all levels We recommend that the
Board so notify the Senators and Representatives from Kentucky,

12. Strengthening K.N¢E.A. Procedures.

It is recommended that the Board of Directors explore and inves-
tigate the possibilities and methods of closer cooperation between
K.N.E,A. and the K.E,A_ Standing Committee on cooperation has been

It is further recommended that K.N.E.A. strengthen ifs Work in
Public Relations by the creation of a public relations committee or a
public relations representative that would function throughout the
year, and that the necessary expenses of such committee or agent be
provided for in the annual budget.

A further recommendation is that KlN,E.A. cultivate Closer relat—
ions with labor unions as a method of strengthening its influence and
power in the attainment of some of its objectives.


“Your Printer I —

927 West Chestnut

WAbaslI 6977 Louisville, Ky.







Over The Editor’s Desk


The Broadcaster, official Journal of the Tennessee Negro Education
Association is a member of the Education Press Association cf America,
Mr. Merl R. Eppse, noted historian, and Professor of History at Texas
Al 8: 1, State College, is the newly elected president of the T,N.E.A_

A curriculum circular issued by the Louisville Public Schools calls
attention to the that that Louisville courses of study are drawing
nation—wide recognition. The National Council fai‘ the Social Studies
praised the variety and quality of activities, the appendix material
dealing with the class room as a social studies laboratory, the suggested
audio-visual aids, and the departure from the traditi:nal chronological
approach. It also puts great emphasis on human relations.

Several of the new courses of study have been used in worshcps
at Columbia University and the University cf Chicago. Copies of some
courses have been purchased by schools in Cuba, Germany and Norway.

The George Washington Carver Foundation is conducting a drive
to raise $2,000,000 endowment. The Foundation, started by Carver
himself during his lifetime, is dedicated “to the progress of humanity
through the application of science to the problems of agriculture and
industry”, It is also charged with the responsibility of training young
people in the techniques of research, including the Carver approach,
to the end that the problem of agriculture and industry, particularly as
they relate to the South, may be solved, As a part of its program, the
Foundation offers graduate research fellowships and assistantships to
qualified Students to enable them to pursue Work toward the Master of
Science degree.

Jane Todd Crawford Day Will be celebrated in Kentucky on De-
camber 13, 1948, This date is the 139th anniversary of her consenting
to undergo, at the hands of her physician, Dr, Ephraim McDowell, in
Danville, (he first ovariotomy ever performedi This operation, perform—
ed without anaesthetic, revolulicnized the science of surgery. Accounts
of it have been translated into many foreign languages,

Governor Earle c, Clements has issued a proclamation, asking ob—
servance of the day in schools, churches, clubs and other suitable
places, with appropriate historical and memorial ceremonies. Teachers
may secure a copy of The Story of Jane anlcl Crawford by the late
George Madden Martin, author of Emmy Lou, by writing to Mrs. Jane
T. Lane, American Red Cross Building, covington, Kentucky.


 The'Teacher s The Key

By J. Mal-sin Tydings, Chairman, Committee on More] and
Spiritual Education

A great many teachers, supervisors, superintendents, and not a
few parents, are particularly concerned about character education for