AGRICULTURAL and Mechanical Colleges in the United States owe
their origin to an act of Congress entitled "An Act Donating Public
Lands to the several States and Territories which may provide Colleges for
the benefit of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts," approved july 2, 1862.
The amount of land donated was 30,000 acres for each representative in the
National Congress. Under this allotment Kentucky received 330,000 acres.
Several years elapsed before the Commonwealth established an Agricultural
and Mechanical College under the act. `When established it was not placed
i upon an independent basis, but was made one of the Colleges of Kentucky
I University, to which institution the annual interest of the proceeds of the
i Congressional land grant was to be given for the purpose of carrying on its
L operations. The land-scrip had meanwhile been sold for fifty cents per acre.
L l and the amount received—$l65,000—invested in six per cent Kentucky State
% bonds, of which the State became custodian in trust for the College.
J The connection with Kentucky University continued till 1878, when
5 the act of 1865, making it one of the Colleges of said University was repeal-
5 ed, and a Commission was appointed to recommend to the Legislature of
7 1879-80 a pla11 of organization for an institution, including an Agricultural
7 and Mechanical College, such as the necessities of the Commonwealth re-
7 quired. The city of Lexington offered to the Commission (which was also
9 authorized to recommend to the General Assembly the place which, all
9 things considered, offered the best and greatest inducements for the future
:0 and permanent location of the College), the City Park, containing nfty-two
:0 acres of land within the limits of this city, and thirty thousand dollars of
H city bonds for the erection of buildings. This offer the county of Fayette
B2 supplemented by twenty thousand dollars in county bonds, to be used either
Z3 for the erection of buildings or for the purchase of land. The offers of the
city of Lexington and the county of Fayette were accepted by the General
By the act of incorporation and the amendments thereto, constituting
the charter of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Kentucky, liberal
provision is made for educating, free of tuition, the energetic young me11 of
the Commonwealth whose means are limited. The Normal Department, for
which provision is also made, is intended to aid in building up the Common
· School system by furnishing properly qualified teachers. This College, with
the additional departments which will, from time to time, be opened as the
means placed at the disposal of the Trustees allow, will, it is hoped, in the
not distant future do a great work in advancing the educational interest of