September, 1885, when the Department was organized and a Director ap-
pointed. In 1886 the Station was recognized and named by the General
~ Assembly, and in 1887 it became the beneficiary of the first annual appropri-
. ation of $15,000 under the Hatch act providing for the establishment of
Agricultural Experiment Stations in the several States and Territories.
The work of the Station is directed to two objects: 1. To a constant
I succession of experiments made by specialists, in order to learn what appli-
cations of science will insure the best returns from the farm, the garden, the
orchard, the vineyard, the stockyard, and the dairy. 2. To the publication
of bulletins announcing such results of the experiments as are found to be
valuable to those of the people of Kentucky who seek profit from any of
those prime sources of wealth—the soil, the flock, and the herd.
Results of experiments have been published in twelve annual reports
and one hundred and six bulletins, and general appreciation of their utility
is shown in the fact that, while no bulletin is sent except upon application
for it, the mailing list of the Station contains more than 8,500 names, and
is ever increasing.
With an ample endowment. a large and comniodious building planned
for the purpose, adequate apparatus, a good experimental farm conveniently
situated, and a staff of fifteen scientists engaged in seven divisions of re-
search and in correspondence with other stations, the Kentucky Experiment
Station is not only an important adjunct of the College in the education of
students for the leading industrial pursuits, but, directly or indirectly,
through the wide and continual diffusion of knowledge for the benefit of so
large a proportion of our population, it is bound to be extremely useful to
the Commonwealth at large.
The State College of Kentucky is established in the old City Park,
just within the southern boundary of Lexington and near the Cincinnati
Southern Railway. The site is elevated and commands a good view of
much of the city and of the surrounding country.
~ Lexington, now a growing city of thirty-odd thousand inhabitants, is in
the heart of the far-famed Bluegrass region, a region distinguished for fertil-
ity and healthfulness, wealth and beauty. Numerous schools and churches, `
_ an intelligent and refined population, well paved streets, handsome build-
l ings, extensive water—works, and an unsurpassed system of street electric
railways make Lexington attractive as a seat of learning and place of resi-
dence, while the splendid stock farms scattered over the large body of fertile
country around it afford advantages hardly equaled elsewhere for the student
who desires to become familiar with the best breeds of horses, cattle, sheep,
and swine in America. Moreover, with railroads diverging in seven direc-
tions, Lexington is the railroad center of Kentucky, and in direct connection
with Louisville, Cincinnati, Maysville, and Chattanooga, and with more