xt7z8w382s0w https://exploreuk.uky.edu/dips/xt7z8w382s0w/data/mets.xml Jefferson County, Kentucky United States. Work Projects Administration. Kentucky 1939 2 p. l., 44 p. incl. charts, maps, tables. 28 cm. UK holds archival copy for ASERL Collaborative Federal Depository Program libraries. Call number HD266.K42 J4. books  English  This digital resource may be freely searched and displayed in accordance with U. S. copyright laws. Kentucky Works Progress Administration Publications Report of the Real Property and Sanitary Survey of Jefferson County, Kentucky 1939-1940; Official Project No. 665-43-3-320; Work project no. 5544-56; Published by the Fiscal Court of Jefferson County Under Direction of the Jefferson County Health Department text Report of the Real Property and Sanitary Survey of Jefferson County, Kentucky 1939-1940; Official Project No. 665-43-3-320; Work project no. 5544-56; Published by the Fiscal Court of Jefferson County Under Direction of the Jefferson County Health Department 1939 1939 2015 true xt7z8w382s0w section xt7z8w382s0w . _ `7
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    c  A    _      I         I     r  A     _
  j` Report Of A
  M 1939 — 1940
  I (Official Project No. 655-43-3-320) 2
l A (Work Project No. 5544-56)
( Under Direction Of W
  ma. rom: D. mzxwxcx W
U   ·· Health Oiiicer ·  

 \ (` A
 ~vya1_·7x·¤— _ V A r; , V  
I  ·  — ··»··»..¤·-..·»~¤¤·»·-¤»w»•¤nm¢¤»:>v:v¤=»:¤···1·¤;—:z~»s¤::¤•:w···¤ · *— ~ · ‘ ‘ ` — * · ‘  "   l “""““"""  
  4 ,. . 
#3-1}} g, _y_-_,__ ;_  
( {Y,   ._/ __, M.  
    ` ' Juocuz MARK
’ one .1, a. Luxms, vac; CHAIRMAN COUNTY HE"LT" °"'CE"
  kg 333.33 UH3 dwg
.1 ]_
    Stat€S· Work Projects RGS4
  ‘ eport of th 1
ag HD266.K42 Giga pmpertya
{_ cura<
  To His Honor we .
Q Mark Beauchamp, County Judge
Y: And to the l’10D€
  Commissioners of the atio
  3 Fiscal Court me .
  Jefferson County, Kentucky Gnu
T; The
lg James Henning No S
  Joseph Muenninghoff Surv
}§`.;, Ben F. Ewing
  fi Robert A. Fihe, V
wi", succeeding Commissioner Lfuenmjnghoff, UIQ
* '· { tere
I   A R Y,
  Gentlemen; UNNERSYYY OF enum
  Herewith is transmitted for your information and approval
  a compilation and summary of the data gathered by the re- part
  cently completed survey of housing and sanitary conditions Sum
*2*% . . . .
.   in Jefferson County, a work of great significance to the
  health of the citizens of this county, and we believe, a p
  . . . . , , Cour
'   testimonial to the fidelity with which you serve their
I   interests. pilé
I   , broi
  Kama/<. Om
  ' DTN
J   Dr. John D. Trawick Dep?
  County Health Officer the

 `—— f` ,   , C _  
l r “"~`_—"""   __,_ _   _ __ __ _, _ __ _,_,___-,______.__,._,,.,... .... ..7-._..._-..·.....·- r.........--.*.•~...·~......--·.--··-· ···—······*—;···—·‘···—;—·  
¤s.muz¤u.p In the following pages will be found data, compiled and gathered in con—
densed form, woven into a narrative of the recently completed Jefferson County
Real Property and Sanitary Survey.
The vast accumulation of information and the proved high degree of ac—
curacy in the completed pages could not have been long accomplished except
through the earnest cooperation of all the persons and agencies concerned.
To the Work Projects Administration and to the Sponsors in the Court,
the Health Department offers most sincere thanks for providing personnel and
The Health Department of Jefferson County has long desired, but had little
hope of ever obtaining, the information provided by this survey. with WPA cooper-
ation the major obstacle of financial difficulty was reduced to a minimum, and
the availability of trained dependable enumerators made the survey possible. [
Procedure, field schedules and tabulations were planned and devised in \
entirety by the State Poard of Health, County Board of Health, and HPA personnel. ,
The survey was the first, of such a type, ever attempted on such a large scale. T
No standard plans or method of procedure such as those for the Real Property Q
Survey were available. {
Major factors in arriving at a successful achievement of this task were E
'f· V the ability and faithful interest of the persons employed, together with the in- `
_“vt terestand cooperation exhibited by the residents of Jefferson County. The fact
J .that county residents are health minded was demonstrated by the manner in which
enumerators were received. The survey was completed with no premise occupant re-
fusing to give the required information.
and &pproval
Particularly do we owe gratitude and appreciation to the State Health De—
Bd by the re- partment and to Mr. F. Clarke Dugan, Chief Sanitary Engineer.
[ry COndit_ To Mr. Maurice L. Miller, former Sanitary Engineer, and Director of the `
ns survey, we gladly give tribute for vision and rare supervising ability. t
ance to the To Mr. warren Shallcross, Office Manager, for notable, clearheaded super— 5
intendance of a complicated task. ‘
believe, a Q
· To the County Board of Education for their cooperation in opening the J
rve their County Schools to the enumerators. .
To every individual in the personnel, who served as inspector, clerk, com-
piler, draftsman or technician, we owe appreciation for earnest work well done.
Mr. Marshall F. Dumeyer has been detached from the survey and has been {
' brought over into the Health Department personnel, and been given the title and I
Z&ZA4{(Q__ office of Housing Inspector. His faithfulness as Supervisor of the HPA project
;———T—-.... proved him most capable to assume even a more responsible position in the Health
§¥;;k Department. To him has been assigned the task of preparing this narrative, and `
- c
Gr the following pages carry his imprint in every line and tabulation.
affa "?» g
Q.- ' sw}? I"}.
. @..2 4 J K
jg§§§£§a&?c$*— ¤»?‘>‘ I ‘;. if »’—AN—W_*""MSPKSS» qfli TPP PS S. CPSC S Svqq IS Sli S Sw VSSS if IS S C`vA“SVrSSS’S` PPWS WS-Y wi v S if S l WSVASSSS, CWS QVC! S ij}

 *\ E _~ E
 `  _, I 7 - . · _ ’ _ · ray ·t»< ~ A I I ` — ` ' V   V   xiii-2% ; ,.;
yy/»‘ y~ __ `““%u iui¤u
g \ `—.
x` `\'
z; \, \ l
%$ \ In Ken
  health a
gg Before
@5 »nts shou
V, >gical un
ff In vie
gQ‘ zky. In
ii; 1 States.
if nr creati
  By ieo
&y that here
§§ was three
t? y, North
‘@ Page et fever,
{G ction of
  Jefferson County Health Department ......, V l Cularly 1
  Jefferson County, Kentucky ...... 1   ng Of dai
  ' ' ‘ ' ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ · · ` ¤ ldividual
  Jefferson County Real Property and Sanitary Survey ,,,, 3 - ;g,
 yi Definitions ........... 4  
  Field Schedules .....,,,,, _ _ 8 ~ 
  ' U • • • , , * NWN,
ig; Operation Methods of Survey ____   The gg
  ‘‘‘· · ····· ll _ we rmation of
Alf Real Property Survey ...,,,,, 14   David Dale
if _ · I ' ° ° ' ' _ ‘“J d limeston
  Sanitary Survey ,,____ 30   G Ow,
M . . . . . . . . . . . . . , — gt e l
` v   water . ......,____   his tm O
A • r • • • • • • . ,   *   v9mS’  
 Q Sowage Disposal ,,__ _ ____ 38 M vase dirwif
[J I o I I r water.
q Toilet Facilities ..... 4l &» A
` . » • . . . . . . . . , — _,j S fgr
) g ggishness o
2 -N_ irious to t
, S- it influenc
T ° gd to piles
The "s
kliffe stat
n ejty witho
S ln lai
rica," writ
t nearly ever
at { g

  ;. ~~.. I ..=` Mw 1 . .: w i ’ `¥lv*i— ? ’r ¤. not 
—»  ·· M   ‘‘· ina;   .;e= "`.;.2,4>ig¤=g,»··,¤lim’_Y”{f€Qé·fj_, Q V
 ...-- ...... , ...  ..-...,...-....--.. ..., . ..... ._.,_.l,,*__. , _ _ S _ Q
In Kentucky originated the idea of administering public health in rural areas through
health departments carrying especially trained personnel devoting full time to the work.
Before 1900, Dr. J. N. McCormack, State Health Officer of Kentucky, held that health de-
ints should be a part of the governmental system, and that the County Health Department vas
>gical unit to establish. This belief remains generally accepted to the present day.
ln view of this background it was natural that the idea was first given concrete form in
zky. In Jefferson County was organized the first full time county health department in the
i States. That it may not have been the first in name is due to lack of legislation provid-
1:5; nr creation and maintenance of full time health departments until such legislation was en—
· by the Kentucky General Assembly in 1918.
By 1908, thanks to Dr. McCormack, Jefferson County had become health conscious to the ex-
that here was being maintained a thoroughly eouipped full time County Health Department.
. 3 J
was three years prior to the opening of units in Yakima County, washington, and Guilford
y, North Carolina. Activities included control of tuberculosis, typhoid fever, diptheria,
Paégg et fever, smallpox and other communicable diseases, registration of births and deaths; L
ction of specimens for analysis by a laboratory, chemical and bacteriological; sanitation,
' ‘ • · ·' I cularly in schools and institutions; inspection of food and beverage establishments; mastitis
1 _ ng of dairy cows and other milk control work, and the important duty of educating the public `
' ' ' ° ` " idividual and community health.
ey .... 2 —   Q
.... 4 —  
.... 8 — if}
7 The geographic area known as Jefferson County, Kentucky, lies for the greater part over
U ° ' l]· ` l*$rmation of cracked cavernous limestone. ln his report of the geological survey of 1884
J · - , I
_ I4? Q_ David Dale, State Geologist, says, “Jefferson County subsurface strata are composed of frac-
. . . · :.6
( d limestone resting on black Devonian shale."
.... BC) - ~QQ Geologists and sanitarians realize that most of the pollution of wells and springs is due ·
EO __ his type of geological formation. Surface waters and seepage from inadequate sewage disposal
° " ems, permeate and penetrate these strata, carrying their cargo of potential sickness and
, . ~ase directly into the cavernous water—carrying limestone from which numerous wells secure r
. . . 38 — Ai ’ ’
r water.
° ' ' ' 4l " 45 As far back as 1819, Dr. Henry Nchurtrie in his"Sketchesof LouisTille" stated; “The '
qgishness of Reargrass Creek during the summer is, I have no doubt, productive of consequences `
irious to the health of inhabitants of this and adjacent towns predisposed to fevers by the
it influences of climate, marshes and decayed or decaying vegetable matters. They may re oom—
ad to piles of combustibles which need but the application of a single spark to rouse them into ·
nglll `
The "single spark" evidently struck and flared in 1822 — "the fever year." Judge Roiert
kliffe stated that upon coming to Louisville to hold court he was told there was no house in
city without its sick or dead.
ln 1850, Dr. Daniel Drake in his treatise on “Diseases of the interior Valley of Iorth
riea," writes, "Louisville under guidance of intelligent and efficient Ecards of Health re"Jrn— t
nearly every element of bad sanitation provided by the physical geography of the site. Defore 3
1 i

 JV   g Elf, _ __   _ .    - ~  .  — .,   ,,  ·   ’v . V  ·   -··V=:·    ¤~;,=.»..¤.i..-~=‘       __ .
.· _,/I  { ` r I ` ‘ M ' ` —*;""` rn , "‘
l this the pestilence which prevailed was induced by ponds and careless habits of living." Begér tha SpOh5
Q Qaceeday in his l®52 "History of Louisville" says, "Fever, ague and more deadly ills made lim;) and his S
{ t wden in Louisville in the early l800's, and the city came to bear the name "Graveyard of tgLth and the
Q ohio." However in l83Z when cholera swept the state with such deadly effect, Mr. Casseday Sjjurnjsh aged
{ that Louisville "hardly knew of its presence," because of improved sanitary conditions. and Supervi
Q Following this, Mr. Deering in his pamphlet of l85Q says that the cholera visitatione; The Sup
_§ isha, lass and lsda that did hit Louisville originated each in identically the same city so aj wpA worker
Q and that when sanitary conditions in this area improved the cholera did not return. 3 Sanitary E
` lt is obvious that ef"icient health supervision, which corrected many conditions incln Miller hag
A ing the cleaning up of "decayedand decaying vegetable matter," prevented the reappearance of tant Work'
, ·,;. cholera, and the elimination of ponds and swamps together with an educational campaign leadingbgr em¤l¤y€¤
zi the bettering of many "careless habits of livlng," were major factors in reducing the number ry Slightly f
v C
;- communicable disease cases having their origin in filth. preiecl ua
KQ Tle city of Louisville had, and still has, a Health Department, appointed by the Mayor Data lr
gf operating within the city limits. Since its inception the Jefferson County Health Department party d&F;’
{ devoted its full time, energy and ability to the bettering of conditions outside the limits cfnty Outgl @1
E City of Louisville. lt is only through constant supervision, preventive inoculations, intensiwn and COmD
  , u gf
E work and constant educational enlightmnment that the County Health Department has a fair oppcr&S’ knONndlT
  ` · ll
3 ty of preventing Dr. NcMurtrie's "single spark" from causing a conflagration among citizens it Stud;1iO
2 . cor
lg county area where, as proven by this survey, many of the same, or worse, conditions still exisiar; del Ki
> ¤ T` H
§ ln many of these areas the population is heavier than that of like sized areas in early Louis *.‘ Ld tir X a\
gg and additional population adds materially to the prospect of the "spark" flaring anew. ma On
¤~ At tht?
A health Officers and sanitation experts cannot, unaided and alone, remedy existing co jT€d Official
j lllons or prevent pollution of water sources and saturation of surface and subsurface strata`1 Health DGDE
}§ filth from inadeouate sewage systems and privies. However the dangers from such conditions harm every Sék
` l
T be reduced to a minimum by constant supervisory control in conjunction with proper legislati*%)8’ Condltim
n action and the full cooperation of the county residents. _t;n€nt data
;€ A knowledge of the geologic conditions, and a deep concern for the health of the peotc¥ Thic S
0% living in conmunities and in areas outside the reach of protected water supplies and adequate ite Heaith O
A use disposal systems, gave rise to the earnest desire of the Board of Health of Jefferson Couih Completg
_ f and the present Health Officer to determine what sanitary conditions actually were in the couixartments fT
l it vhich ·».· could be disclosed only by careful survey of each and every premise. dgvelopmant
_j To this end, Federal aid was sought, and through the work Projects Administration weréglneering.
V supplied funds of more than $88,000, the Fiscal Court of the county readily supplying the spcxf TFQ fO
ll contribution, amounting to approximately $20,000. B results Of
ilth has lon
fore have th
P zilities and
The Jefferson County Health Department, holding the proud distinction of being the flT€£S1dS the C1
‘ full lime Health Department in the United States, now has the additional distinction of being`
only County Health Department which can accurately and immediately answer eighty—three questi’i
ro~wrdlnr wafer, sewoce disposal, toilet facilities and housing conditions for each and every
M Drnnisc ln the couniy. This accomplishment was made possible by completion of the Real Prope;T
_ and Sanitary Slrvey, the field schedules, water analysis cards, maps, tabulations and records
which are now i permanent and v1talQy important part of the files of the Health Department.
A Trls survey was inaugurated and completed with approval of the Fiscal Court and pl&C€€

 \   _ ¤~  
  -·· =-~   ’=· -~   i’i    __ V i *
KS Of l1V1ng‘" Bgiar the sponsorship of Dr. John D. Trawick, County Health Officer for the County Health Depart-
Sadly 1118 made l1*;, and his staff, with the assistance of laboratory facilities of the State Department of
HE Hgraveyard Of Vftth and the all—important cooperation of the Work Projects Administration which provided funds
3t’ MT` CaSS€d&y S??urnish adequate and competent field workers, clerical people, laboratory assistants, drafts-
V CODdjY1°HS· and supervisory personnel.
:hQlGT& Vigitationdi The survey was officially opened on March 27, lQ5Q, with a staff of sixty-seven (37) certi-
P the Same City SO¥?j WPA workers and four noncertified supervisory employees, with Maurice L. Miller, at that
3 T€tuTn‘ a Sanitary Engineer for the Countyi Health Department, appointed as director of the enterprise.
iny conditions inc;y Miller has since resigned from the Department to enter private sanitary engineering and con-
ie reappearance er tant work. As the work progressed it was necessary to add additional NPA workers, the total
ial campaign leadinrber employed reaching a peak of one hundred and nine (lO9) persons in July, lQ5Q, and varying
>ducing the Humber xy slightly from that figure until the project neared completion in June of the current year,
project was closed on July 25th, l940, after sixteen months operation.
>ointed by the Mayor Data includes two field schedules, one containing sanitation information, the other real
* Health Department Dsrty data, for every structure, residential or otherwise, housing human beings in the entire
itside ppg llmltg Cybty Outside the limits of the City of Louisville. Maps, charts and tabulations have been
ioculatiehg, intenglwn 3Hd G0mDl€U€d f0T the county 35 3 whole, for each Sanitary District and for much smaller
,Ht has 3 fair Opplpas, known as Enumeration Districts, this last named division enabling the department to supply {
,H &mOUg Citizens i, study conditions in small specific areas or in heavily populated subdivisions and districts.
Hditlons Still Qxlg ard file containing results of laboratory analyses of water samples from every water source
ieas in early Louis ___ pd for drinking or cooking purposes is arranged in alphabetical order by user's name, This in-
aring anew, mation is available by phone or mail request to any county resident. A
,€m€dy Gxjgting COL? At the close of the project as a Federal enterprise, the entire accumulated data was trans- i
SubSuTf&C€ St§&tH_ red officially to and became a part of the records of the Jefferson County Health Department. V E
1 Such COHdit1OHS Pqu Health Department now has the actual facts regarding every water source, its type and condi- Y
I DFODGT l€qiSlati_€»n, every sewage disposal system, its type, condition and final discharge, and every privy, its
>e, condition and discharge, together with condition, type, number of rooms, residents and other
·tinent data for every structure in the county.
health of the peop;
pl,€S and adgcuatg 5 This survey, the first of its type ever attempted, was planned entirely by County and
h Of J€ff8TSOA COUfnte Health Officials and WPA administrative personnel and the results have been proved accurate
ly WGTG in the COU;d complete. Numerous inquiries have been received from doctors, health officials and sanitation
Sartments from all parts of the country, and one large University has requested complete details
development and procedure and permission to use these as a part of their course in Sanitary _
Administration were;1n6€T1¤g_ A
$UDDlyiHg the spc;s A
The following pages contain a narrative summary, with presentation of tables, indicating `
2 results of the voluminous tabulations compiled from the actual field schedules. The Board of i
ilth has long been aware that the serious conditions revealed by the survey existed, but never g
Y SURVEY fore have they been able to present the factual evidence obtained by interview and observation,
vering one hundred percent of all premises, water sources, sewage disposal systems, toilet
)n Of being thg flfgpilities and housing data, contained in this report, and covering the entire area of the county
Etlnctlon gf being itside the city limits.
Lqhty-three questi’i j
?or each and every
of the Real Prope T
itions and records `
ilth Department.
tl Court and place; `
i i
J 1
  . _  ` _   MU HV V 77777 7   7 777*7777 rrrr vw"   " " " i   M ‘ V · -· ·» — - - N   l. ,_,, ___ ___________, _, _ N A I
S ik ·  

 `\ i __f` g
  7 ,  ‘- = I I 1 I  £ = f .  
EPAL —B—*_—" —‘_‘—‘ iid Schedule
‘* Field schedule- The enumeration card which answered 28 questions pertaining to residential anltatlc
· s
§. premises. (See page 8)
il 'se — AHY
fl Block Lgsya Figld peeepigolation form prepared during enumeration. (See page lO) nl dents OT
E  Enumeration District- A geographic area composed of a number of blocks bounded by definite r Sample
x G `
f streets or roads, used as a working area in the survey and for identification purposes. lectgd lr
y sanitary District- A geographic area used by the County Board of Health as one of three divi— acted by PO
sions of the county.
I _ Oli — Bacte
Q Premise- A residential structure. and are I
i Block Tabulation- A tabulation of all field schedules for one block. ous germs
Mi Residential Structure- Any building containing living quarters even though other portions are Organisms
K used commercially or for industry. health lr
E Dwelling Unit- Any room or group of rooms used as a home. It was necessary that permanent lured _ PTC
I { cooking facilities be installed in order for a room or group of rooms to qualify as a ipieious — F
’ J separate dwelling unit. _ polluted _
# Monthly Rent- The agreed tenant rental, the requested rental for vacancies and the estimated _€r Systems
F rental value on owner occupied premises.
i Private ·
é Converted Structure- Any premise with a different number of dwelling units than was present ii _
Y the original construction or where a business unit has been inserted, Community
» conm
,’ Non—Converted Structure- Any premise with four or less dwelling units that cannot be classiffa _
g in any other type. This includes tents, trailers, old army barracks, etc. Publlc
i . . ,. . t '
l, Stories- Full ceiling height. where the top floor was out into by the roof it was considerei Indus ;;i
J as a half story. p
5 ll Types
$ Condit on _
Q I Drilled —
ei Good - To Repairs needed. to I
p` Minor Repairs- Structurally sound, needs paint or paper, etc. Spy;
i gi Major Repairs- heed of immediate repair at considerable cost. Viol
> A Unfit for Use- Beyond repair or dangerous to health or safety. D _
{cl r I V QH "'
lj Flush Toilet- An indoor toilet with running water. the
A Bathing Unit- A Path tub or shower with running water. but
°J R°0m$ - The Humber of complete, finished rooms. Hall, bathrooms and enclosed porctes are not Dug _ A V
a considered as rooms. Sha]
. ale
. Substandard q
"‘ . ter Treatmen
l ir Physically- when one, or more, of the following conditions exist: structure in need of
Ti major repairs, unfit for use, without toilet or bathing unit, without running water, Chlorlnat
or without was or electricity. Filtered
Y` OCGUDGDCY- More than one and one half persons per room or with two or more families shaT· Waté
lng one unit. tgré
Y Roomer- A person, not related to the family, living in a dwelling unit and paying a specified ainage Towar
VAUp_ toward ti
T Extra Family- A person or a family who would normally occupy a separate unit, now sharing one
unit with the original family.
I W  ..L·;.-~1-.:¤.·_·t:·f¤·§`  

 `~ i f` g
 ‘r“t‘t“‘“·*L‘ `T       i. . V »_._   i.;N lll..-.l-ll.ll..l.....l _.lll ii.
lg UO T€S1dGHt1&l lid Schedule — The enumeration card answering 55 questions pertaining to the structure and
Q sanitation facilities. (See page 9)
)&g€ l0) nige - Any structure, residential or non—residential, housing human beings either as resi-
" dents or workers.
inded by definite
.1C&C1On Dur er Sample — water obtained from a source used for drinking purposes. The specimen was col-
_ oses. . -
p lected in the standard sterile bottles used by the State Board of deaith.
4 one of three divi— _
ected by Pollution — Using water which analyzed as polluted or suspicious.
oil — Bacteria (colon bacilli) which normally inhabit the intestinal tract of men and animals
and are passed out in large numbers with the excreta. Presence of E Coli warns that danger-
ous germs, such as typhoid, dysentery, etc., may be present. The presence of these colon
Otnnn nnnnlons &T, organisms, in such small quantities of water as the sample, indicates potential danger to
health in the total supply.
y nnnn pérmnnent lured — Presence of B Coli indicated.
to qualify as a ypgcgous - No B coli; contains gas forming bacteria.
‘ Polluted - No harmful bacteria. {
and the estimated
rer Systems
private — Located on and used only by the premise being enumerated.  
than was present Ti i
community — A water source owned and used by a community, or a private source used for
community purposes. i
cannot be classiffe; l
BEC Public - A water source located on a publicly owned property or a road right of way. ‘
g it Wag COHS1d€TL, industrial — A water source owned by an industry, the water being distributed through a
V private system.
II Types
Drilled - A well with a metallic pipe casing of from 4 to 8 inches in diameter, drilled in-
to rock formation. The object of a drilled vell is to pass through an impervious
stratum into a pervious stratum beneath which water flows or rests upon another imper-
vious stratum. »
Driven — A well formed by driving a metallic pipe casing into a vater bearing soil beneath '
the surface. The pipe is fitted with a perforated strainer alloiing ¤.· water to enter y
but excluding sand and gravel. I
d pgpctgg gpg nnn Dug — A well usually from 5 to 5 feet in diameter which has been dug to a comparatively
shallow depth. lt is lined with stone or brick and receives its water supply by seep-
age from the surface.
ter Treatment
zture in need of
gut running Water, Chlorinated - Manual or automatic introduction of chlorine or one of its compounds.
Filtered — Water filtered by gravity, mechanical pressure or mechanical gravity filters. f
iOn€ fnmllleg Sn&T_ Water passing through sand stratum is naturally filtered and was not recorded as fil-
tered since this section refers to artificial filtration.
yaylng n Specified einage Teward — when there is a sloping of the earth from a drainage field, cesspool, etc.,
toward the water source.
., now sharing one `
  .;.rl,.._;   »     S    S it it     to  tt t at c a   a  I

 \, gi _r-  
i {dy II U ` _ A _ , .;.__,_, ,   ,7 tw   ,ly;l._.¤_;,},i§y; y 0
r {
pssranca from Barnyard- The distance from the water source to the nearest point of cattle per, and C
cattle barn, barn, pig pen, manure pile or other probable source of pollution. baara
R Distance from Excreta Disposal — The distance from water source to nearest point of privy, pit, Riser - ga
yl septic tank, sinkhole, etc. by tt
JA Pump Types Urina|S‘
` Power- mechanically operated by electricity, water power, steam or gasoline. It may be.y Of tl
{ the reciprocal, plunger or centrifugal type. superstru
j' Pitcher- Vacum, not plunger, pump often requiring priming to start and usually used in p|y-r;gnt
g shallow wells. t&K€$
;_ Chain- Rubber sucker attached to a continuous chain, operating through a tubing within twqp pump - A r
L pump and extending into the water basin. at a hl%h€
i Plunger—A long tube projected into the water basin with a plunger, at bottom of tube,
y connected directly to the surface operating mechanism.
i Sand Bucket - A cylindrically shaped metal container from 3 to 5 incher in diameter and Q
Q to 8 feet in length with a valve at the bottom. Raised or lowered by a rope connectd
i ? to a winch or roll.
$ Rope and Bucket — Any type of bucket or pail used with a rope and lowered by hand or with
§ a winch.
C Sewage Disposal Systems
xy public gawar- City of Louisville system.
yi Community- Systems having 5 or more house connections, owned and operated by private or
; quasi—public corporations, towns, villages or municipalities other than Louisville.
i Grease Trap— A small tile, metal or concrete basin installed for the sole purpose of ski —
_ ming grease,soaps,or similar substances from the waste before it enters a septic tal;
i cesspool or drainage field.
‘E Septic Tank- A tank with water—tight sides and bottom, with a definite inlet and outlet,
’ constructed in the earth to provide for the collection of excreta. lt may be
gh constructed of concrete, brick, tile or metal and may or may not be divided into com~
_ j partments. lf there was no outlet the facility was enumerated as a cesspool.
» -_t· cesspool- A pit into which excreta or waste is discharged, primarily anerobic and without
y_ open discharge, unless of tight construction, in which case there may be an overflow.
y Drainage Field —series of farm tile constructed with open joints, laid in trenches in loosc
material such as cinders, rock or gravel, through which effluent from a septic tank or
— from other sources may drain and leach into the earth.
_ 5i¤kh0|6— Natural openings in