Lou Emma Wilson Mexicana Collection

Abstract

The manuscript portion of the Lou Emma Wilson Mexicana Collection (dated circa 1750-1783; 0.1 cubic feet; 3 items) consists of three broadsides produced by the Inquisition in Mexico during the eighteenth century.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Lou Emma Wilson Mexicana Collection
Date
circa 1750-1783 (inclusive)
Extent
0.1 Cubic Feet
Subjects
Inquisition -- Mexico
Pulque
Tobacco.
Arrangement
Collection is arranged chronologically.
Finding Aid Author
Megan Mummey, Taylor Leigh, Ruth Bryan
Preferred Citation
2020ms105: [identification of item], Lou Emma Wilson Mexicana Collection, circa 1750-1783, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.
Repository
University of Kentucky

Collection Overview

Scope and Content
The manuscript portion of the Lou Emma Wilson Mexicana Collection (dated circa 1750-1783; 0.1 cubic feet; 2 items) consists of three broadsides produced by the Inquisition in Mexico during the eighteenth century. One is a decree regulating pulque and agave cultivation. Another is an inquisitorial edict concerning the reading and sale of prohibited books. The third one concerns the taxation of tobacco. All titles were transcribed directly from the original broadsides.
The Lou Emma Wilson Mexicana Collection includes manuscripts, books, other printed materials, and photographs representing all aspects of Mexican culture from the 16th century through the present. This growing collection is made possible through a special endowment established by Dr. Alberta Wilson Server, Professor of Romance Languages at the University of Kentucky, in 1963 to honor her mother Lou Emma Wilson. More of the collection, including several rare books, can be found through the library catalog.

Restrictions on Access and Use

Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open to researchers by appointment
Use Restrictions
The physical rights to the materials in this collection are held by the University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.

Contents of the Collection

Domingo Pantaleon Alvares de Abreu, Arzobispo Obispo de la Puebla de Los Angeles, del consejo de su Magestad, assistente del Sacro Solio, &c.: por quanto conviene el que se averigue, y justifique con la mayor claridad, y distincion las personas de razon, Españoles, Mulatos, Mestizos, y demàs que no son Indios, que tratan, y comercian la bebida del Pulque, circa 1750

  • Box MS-48, folder 1
Scope and Contents

Decree regulating the sale of agave and pulque. An effort to regulate commerce in pulque, the traditional alcoholic beverage made from agave sap, particularly as conducted by non-Indians. The decree is undated, but dates from Alvares de Abreu's term as bishop of Puebla (1742-1763). The regulations apply to those cultivating maguey (agave) on their own lands or on leased plots and sell their produce to Indigenous people, who then extract pulque for their own benefit and enjoyement. The regulations also apply to those who sell (but do not cultivate) agave. According to John Kicza, even as late as 1784 Puebla and Oaxaca were the only cities in Mexico other than Mexico City with pulque trades large enough for the Spanish to regulate.

Brief translation: "Domingo Pantaleón Alvares de Abreu, Archbishop of the town of Los Angeles, at the recommendation of his Majesty, assistant to the Sacred Throne, etc."

"In so far as it pleases he who verifies and validates, with the greatest clarity and distinction, people of reason, Spaniards, Mulattoes, Mestizos, and others who are not indians, who work and deal with the pulque drink, and who cultivate maguey on their own land or land that they lease on farms, ranches, plots, or gardens within these lands: We grant to the Priest, and to the Ecclesiastic Judge of [lacunae] so that in light of this office, he shall perform (by himself, and not by delegating it to his vicars, so long as he is not legitimately impeded) the verification and secret validation of all persons, who are not indians, who grow maguey on their own land, or leased land, in the area of his curacy, or who sell maguey to indians for their own benefit and enjoyment..."

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Nos los Inquisidores Apostolicos, contra la heretica pravedad y apostasía en esta ciudad de Mexico, Estados, y Provincias de esta Nueva España, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Islas Philipinas, y su Distrito, etc..., 1783

  • Box OS-17, folder 1
Scope and Contents

Inquisitorial edict regarding the granting and revoking of licenses for reading prohibited books. Signed by three inquisitors whose names are printed at the foot of the broadside: Juan de Mier y Villar, Antonio Bergosa y Jordan, and Pedro Bengoa. The Inquisitorial edict, dated May 7, 1782, and signed by the Spanish Inquisitor General Felipe Beltran Serrano (d. Dec. 1783) sets out the rules for regulating the reading and possession of books on the Index, including the rules for granting licenses, grounds for revoking those licenses, and prohibitions on buying, selling, donating, or exchanging them.

Brief translation: "We, the Apostolic Inquisitors, in opposition to heretical depravity and apostasy, in Mexico City, the states, and the provinces of New Spain, Guatemala, Nicaragua, the Philippines, and their environs, etc."

"To any and all persons of any station, rank, or condition, preeminent or dignified as they may be, free or unfree, neighbors, inhabitants, and denizens of the cities, towns, and places of our district, and to each one of you, may you be well in our Lord Jesus Christ: Know that his Excellency, the Inquisitor General, has ordered to be published, and has already published in the kingdoms of Spain, an edict of the following kind."

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Don Martin de Mayorga, Caballero del Orden de Alcántara, Mariscal de Campo de los Reales Exércitos de S. M. Virrey, Gobernador y Capitan general del Reyno de Nueva Espãna, Presidente de su Real Audiencia, Superintendente general de Real Hacienda y Ramo del Tabaco, Juez Conservadorde el, Presidente de su Junta, y Subdelegado general de Corréos maritimos en el mismo Reyne etc., 1783

  • Box OS-17, folder 2
Scope and Contents

Decree concerning tobacco taxation during the American Revolution, in which Spain sided with the Colonies and France against Great Britain.

Brief translation: "Sir Martín de Mayorga, Gentleman of the Order of Alcántara, Field Marshal of the Royal Armies of His Majesty the Viceroy, Governor and Capitan General of the Kingdom of New Spain, President of his Royal Audience, Superintendent General of Real Estate and the Tobacco Industry, conservative judge of the same, President of his municipality, and Subdelegate General of Maritime Post in the same kingdom, etc."

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UK Libraries Special Collections Research Center is open Monday to Friday, 9:00am to 4:00pm. Appointments are encouraged but not required. Schedule an appointment here.

Researchers must have an SCRC Researcher Account to request materials. View account set-up and use instructions here.

Questions? Contact SCRC via our Contact Form.

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You may come across language in UK Libraries Special Collections Research Center collections and online resources that you find harmful or offensive. SCRC collects materials from different cultures and time periods to preserve and make available the historical record. These materials document the time period when they were created and the view of their creator. As a result, some may demonstrate racist and offensive views that do not reflect the values of UK Libraries.

If you find description with problematic language that you think SCRC should review, please contact us at SCRC@uky.edu.