Walker (Morton) (1909-) Papers, (1929-1964)

Descriptive Summary

Title
Walker (Morton) (1909-) Papers, (1929-1964)
Creator
Walker, Morton, 1909-
Extent
2.875 linear feet
Finding Aid Author
Archives Staff; machine-readable finding aid modified by Michele Lai-Fook
Repository
University of Louisville

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Morton Walker, a native of Hartford, Kentucky, provided substantive leadership to the city of Louisville and to the University of Louisville during three decades of change from 1935 through 1964. His work as chairman of the Louisville Board of Education spanned three terms during the controversial decisions on coeducation of duPont Manual and Male High Schools and school desegregation of the Louisville school system in the 1950s. At the University of Louisville, he served as associate professor and professor of English and Speech at Speed Scientific School as well as Dean of Men of the University from 1947 through 1952 when he was appointed Assistant to the President in charge of alumni and student relations. In July 1974, Walker was retired and promoted to Professor Emeritus from the Speed Scientific School.
Walker was born June 18, 1909, in Hartford, Kentucky, and educated at the University of Kentucky, receiving his A.B. in 1931 and his M. A. degree in 1933. His undergraduate work was in English and Journalism while his graduate concentration was English and Speech. While in Lexington, Walker received a teaching fellowship for graduate studies. He was also inducted into Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Delta Kappa, Kappa Delta Pi, Sigma Delta Chi and Pi Delta Epsilon, all scholastic and professional societies; Omicron Delta Kappa, a men's leadership fraternity; and Phi Kappa Tau, a social fraternity. Walker maintained a keen interest in his honorary and social society affiliations through his career. He continued his education during the summers of 1933, 1934, 1936 and 1939, at the University of California.
Upon graduation from the University of Kentucky, Walker began a career teaching English, Speech and providing faculty assistance to various journalism projects. Between 1933 and 1946 he taught at the Jenkins High School (Jenkins, Kentucky), Southern Junior High School (Louisville), duPont Manual High School (Louisville), and Indiana University Extension (New Albany, Indiana). During his period Walker also was sports announcer of WGRC. He also taught speech courses for the management group of Joseph E. Seagram and Sons, Inc. of Louisville. Quite active in educational professional organizations, Walker served as president of the Louisville Education Association and the Kentucky Council of Teachers of English.
Walker joined the University of Louisville faculty as an assistant professor of English with the Speed Scientific School in September 1946 and in September 1947 became acting Dean of Men, at a time when availability of student housing was a critical issue. He became permanent Dean of Men in the spring of 1948. Walker was then appointed Assistant to the President (Dr. Philip Davidson) for alumni and student relations and served in that position until 1954 when he wished to return to full time teaching of English, Speech, and Journalism.
Walker filed as a candidate for the Louisville Board of Education in September 1948 and was elected in November to the first of three terms. Receiving strong backing from the AFL-Federation of Teachers, the Louisville Education Association, and the Louisville Classroom Teachers Association, Walker ran on a progressive platform favoring coeducation in Louisville schools and a higher tax rate to secure new schools. The firestorm of school desegregation lay just ahead in 1956-1957.
During the late 1940s and early 1950s, Walker showcased as a speaker at numerous civic luncheons and dinners and school commencements. He served as president of the Louisville Lions Club and was active in brotherhood organizations such as the Commission on Human Rights and the National Conference of Christian and Jews. For his local church, Fourth Avenue Baptist, Walker served on various leadership and fund-raising committees. He also served as president of the Louisville Council of Churches and as mission chairman for the Greater Louisville Evangelistic Mission. He was appointed to the Mayor's Advisory Committee on Race Relations, the Governor's Commission on Adult Education, and Louisville's Rent Advisory Board.
Walker's decade of community outreach bolstered his credibility when as president of the Louisville Board of Education he had to provide coordination and leadership during the turbulent years leading up to school desegregation in 1957. Violence was deterred by providing voluntary requests for transfers of children from mixed schools. Although 73.6 percent of students were in integrated schools in November 1956, requests for transfer had been made by 45 percent of Negro parents whose children were assigned to predominantly white schools and 85 percent of white parents whose children had been assigned to predominantly black schools. Later that month the Louisville Education Association voted to accept Negro teachers as members of the organization.
President of the Board of Education until 1964, Walker continued to support teacher salary raises, less administration for classroom teachers, and improved preparation at the high school level for college. In the 1960s, Walker continued to give commencement addresses, worked in church councils and served on activities of the Louisville Arts Council.
In July 1, 1974, Walker retired from the Speed Scientific School and was promoted to Professor Emeritus.
Scope and Content
Morton Walker served as Professor of English and Speech, Dean of Men, and Assistant to the President for alumni and student affairs at the University of Louisville from 1946 to 1974 when he retired and was promoted to Professor Emeritus. He was active in civic and educational affairs in Louisville and Jefferson County from 1935 through the 1960s. In many ways Walker fostered excellent relations between the university and the surrounding citizenry as U of L grew and expanded. Walker most notably was elected to the Louisville Board of Education in 1949 and served as chairman of that organization through the 1950s as coeducation and desegregation became divisive issues. His papers (2.875 linear feet) are divided into seven series.
The Walker collection is divided into sever series collated into three boxes. The collection is rather evenly divided among these eight series; however the major materials on Walker's work with the Louisville Board of Education is contained in the newspaper clippings of Series IV and VI and the Board of Education reports and articles in Series V. Series I - Biographical and Correspondence, includes biographical information and personal correspondence from the 1940s and 1950s. Series II - Education at the University of Kentucky consists of materials concerning Walker's education at the University of Kentucky in 1929-1931 and later in 1946. Series III - Professional Career, is made up of material that covers Walker's professional career as an educator at Southern Junior High School and du Pont Manual High School (both in Louisville) from 1935 to 1946. A few items cover the University of Louisville period from 1943 to 1959, the most significant item being his speech at the dedication of the new University Library in 1957. Series IV - Local and Regional newspaper clippings (1947-64), is a substantial body of newspaper clippings covering Walker's many civic and church activities, most prominently being his work on the Louisville Board of Education. Series V - Louisville Board of Education, is Walker's collection of reports, data, and articles on issues facing the school board during the 1950s. It includes campaign posters, notices of his speeches at various school commencements in the area and national press coverage of Louisville's school desegregation in the 1950s. Series VI - Civic and Church Activities, contains material about the Fourth Avenue Baptist Church, Commission on Human Rights and National Conference of Christian and Jews, the Lion's Club International and various honor societies, including Phi Beta Kappa. Series VII - Hobbies and Interests, contains a collection of Currier and Ives prints, photographs from various trips, and Christmas cards sent to Walker over the years.

Contents of the Collection

I. Biography and Personal Correspondence

1. Biography

  • Box 1
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2. Personal identification cards

  • Box 1
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3. Notification of induction, 1943

  • Box 1
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4. Insurance records, 1945

  • Box 1
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5. Personal correspondence, 1940s

  • Box 1
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6. Personal correspondence, 1950s

  • Box 1
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II. Education

7. University of Kentucky 1929, 1931 student guidebooks

  • Box 1
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8. University of Kentucky commencements 1931, 1932-1933

  • Box 1
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9. Phi Kappa Tau fraternity membership 1930

  • Box 1
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10. Lexington bank deposit slips 1946

  • Box 1
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III. Professional Career

11. Southern Junior High School (Louisville): The Bugle 1935-1936

  • Box 1
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12. duPont Manual High School (Louisville)

  • Box 1
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13. The Crimson 1938-1945 from duPont Manual H.S.

  • Box 1
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14 Photographs (c. 1945), commencement, speech 1946

  • Box 1
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15. Bills and receipts 1940, 1946 duPont Manual H.S.

  • Box 1
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16. Work by former students

  • Box 1
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17. University of Louisville

  • Box 1
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18. University of Louisville maps and diagrams 1943

  • Box 1
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19. University of Louisville library dedication 1957

  • Box 1
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20. English and Speech reports 1950-1959

  • Box 1
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21. General correspondence 1950s

  • Box 1
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IV. Newspaper Clippings (1947-1964)

22. Local and regional newspapers 1947-1949

  • Box 1
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23. Local and regional newspapers 1950-1953

  • Box 1
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24. Local and regional newspapers 1954-1955

  • Box 1
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25. Local and regional newspapers 1956-1957

  • Box 1
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26. Local and regional newspapers 1958-1964

  • Box 1
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V. Louisville Board of Education

27. Election certification

  • Box 1
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28. Reports and data

  • Box 1
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29. Speech favoring fifty cents special building tax

  • Box 1
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30. Letters and articles on issues affecting coeducation and desegregation

  • Box 1
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31. Speeches at various commencements

  • Box 1
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32. Reports on education, 1939-1959

  • Box 1
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33. Disqualification of school board member

  • Box 1
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V. continued Louisville Board of Education

1. Local and National Newspaper Clippings: Louisville's School Desegregation, 1950s

  • Box 2 (Flat box)
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2. Campaign posters

  • Box 2 (Flat box)
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VI. Civic and Church Activities

1. Fourth Avenue Baptist Church, 1945

  • Box 3
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2. Fourth Avenue Baptist Church, 1950, 1955

  • Box 3
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3. Fourth Avenue Baptist Church, 1958-1959

  • Box 3
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4. Miscellaneous religious articles and church councils

  • Box 3
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5. Commission on Human Rights and National Conference of Christians and Jews

  • Box 3
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6. Lions Club International Convention, 1957

  • Box 3
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7. Speaker at various civic and fraternal organizations

  • Box 3
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VII. Hobbies and Interests

8. Currier and Ives Prints

  • Box 3
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9. Painting

  • Box 3
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10. Photographs

  • Box 3
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11. Louisville Orchestra 1957-1958 Season

  • Box 3
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12. Miscellaneous Poetry

  • Box 3
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13. Hartford Sesquicentennial

  • Box 3
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14. Christmas Cards

  • Box 3
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