Joseph H. Kastle papers

Abstract

The Joseph H. Kastle papers (dated 1904-1957, undated, bulk 1904-1916; 1.15 cubic feet; 2 document boxes and 2 flat boxes) comprise correspondence, speeches and writings, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, handwritten notes, and realia that document Joseph H. Kastle's later career as a chemist at the Public Health and Marine-Hospital Service and the University of Virginia and as director of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Joseph H. Kastle papers
Creator
Kastle, Joseph H. (Joseph Hoeing), 1864-1916
Extent
1.15 Cubic Feet
Subjects
Artifacts
Chemistry -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States
Chemistry -- Research.
Chemists.
Arrangement
Collection is arranged by subject and format into four series: Agricultural Experiment Station; Biograpical; Correspondence; and Writings, Speeches, and Notes. Folders in each series are arranged chronologically or alphabetically.
Finding Aid Author
Melissa Kapitan, Ruth E. Bryan
Preferred Citation
0000ua111 : [identification of item], Joseph H. Kastle papers, 1904-1957, undated, bulk 1904-1916, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.
Repository
University of Kentucky

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Joseph Hoeing Kastle (1864-1916) was a chemist and a professor of chemistry. He was born in Lexington, Kentucky, on January 25, 1864. His parents were Daniel Kastle and Thane Vallandignham Kastle. He was their only child. He obtained his BS from State College in Lexington in 1884, where he trained under Robert Peter. He earned his MA from the same institution in 1886, and his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1888. From 1888 to 1905, Kastle was a professor of chemistry and head of the Department of Chemistry at State College. From 1905 to 1909, he served as Chief of the Division of Chemistry in the Hygiene Laboratory in the United States Public Health and Marine-Hospital Service (which became the Public Health Service and the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps of the present-day Department of Health and Human Services), with a rank of major in the United States army. From 1909 to 1911, he served as chair of the Department of Chemistry at the University of Virginia, Charlotte, Virginia. In 1911, he was appointed Research Chemist for the State University Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station, In 1912, upon the death of the Station's Director and Dean of the College of Agriculture, Melville A. Scovell, he was promoted into that position, which he held until his death on September 25, 1916, of Bright's disease, a historical classification of a group of kidney diseases.
Kastle's research focused on organic chemistry pertaining to animal processes and compounds, as well as photochemistry. The Kastle-Meyer test, a type of catalytic, forensic blood test used by crime labs to identify blood, is named after Kastle and a German physician and chemist, Erich Meyer (1874-1927). Kastle invented and tested the blood test in 1901 and Meyer modified it in 1903. Kastle published more than 100 scholarly papers, contributed regularly to farm journals, and wrote newspaper columns on agriculture for newspapers, including the Lexington Leader. In 1900, he published a textbook titled The Chemistry of Metals. He was a member of the Phi Theta Pi fraternity, the Society of Biological Chemists, the American Physiological Society, and The Society of Chemical Industry. He was a member and president of the Kentucky Academy of Science. In addition, with Alfred Peter and other faculty who were University of Kentucky graduates, he founded the UK Alumni Association in 1889 and served as its second president from 1891-1902.
Kastle married Callie Warner Kastle, and they had two daughters, Elizabeth Thane Kastle Scott (married to Scott Pratt and lived in Hawaii) and Harriett Kastle Hunter (lived in San Franscisco). Kastle Hall on the University of Kentucky campus is named in his honor.
Sources:
1. Bright's disease. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brights_disease
2. 2018ua031 : Kastle, Joseph H. University of Kentucky Libraries. Special Collections Research Center. General reference faculty/staff biographical files.
3. Joseph Hoeing Kastle. Hall of Distinguished Alumni. Office of Philanthropy and Alumni. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. https://alumni.ca.uky.edu/hoda/joseph-hoeing-kastle.
4. Kastle-Meyer test. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kastle_Meyer_test
5. Marine Hospital Service. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_Hospital_Service
Scope and Content
The Joseph H. Kastle papers (dated 1904-1957, undated, bulk 1904-1916; 1.15 cubic feet; 2 document boxes and 2 flat boxes) comprise correspondence, speeches and writings, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, handwritten notes, and realia that document Joseph H. Kastle's later career as a chemist at the Public Health and Marine-Hospital Service and the University of Virginia and as director of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. The correspondence is primarily incoming professional, including letters from research colleagues, current and former employers, and fellow faculty at the Kentucky State College (KSC)/University of Kentucky (UK). Many correspondents request reprints of Kastle's articles (particularly on oxidases and chemical tests for blood, 1910, and on parturient paresis (milk fever) and eclampsia, 1912, with D.J. Healy); and/or offer congratulations and praise for his published research results or his various work appointments. The biographical material includes several comprehensive lists of Kastle's publications and the writings and speeches include typescript transcripts of speeches covering farm topics, as well as a report on the Organization and Work of the Division of Chemistry of the Hygienic Laboratory from June 20, 1905, to August 1, 1909. A few of the letters requesting reprints are in German or French.
The incoming and outgoing correspondence for 1909 and some for 1910 primarily relates to his being considered and interviewed for, then offered the position at the University of Virginia (UVA) as head of the Department of Chemistry, along with his requests for appropriate space and equipment for chemistry teaching laboratories (a new pedagogical requirement) as well as his personal lab. This folder includes his brief outlining The Need of a new Chemical Laboratory for the University of Virginia, together with a Statement as to the Relation of Chemistry to the Industrial Development of the South. Major portions of this document were used by the UVA President, Edwin A. Alderman, in his January 1, 1910, address to the Virginia General Assembly requesting increased support for the University, focusing on science and engineering instruction and the importance of these disciplines to the ongoing development of the United States southern states. A printed copy of this address can be found in folder 8. In addition to Alderman, other correspondents include F. Paul Anderson (1908-1909, who would become the first Dean of the UK College of Engineering), Alfred Peter (1909, a KSC graduate and long-serving Research Chemist at the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station), Arthur Solomon Loevenhart (a UK and Johns Hopkins graduate and professor of Pharmacology and Toxicology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison), and Edward Hart from the Gayley Chemical and Metallurgical Laboratory of Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania. Hart's letters to Kastle, 1910, include two cyanotypes (or blueprints) showing a wood distilling apparatus and detailing its component parts and uses.
The Experiment Station scrapbook number one, as well as loose letters from 1911-1912, primarily relate to his proposed return as Research Chemist to the Station (1911), and then support for his appointment as Director (1912). Maps showing plots and areas of research for the Experiment Station, along with some financial statements, correspondence, reports, clippings, and printed material for 1912-1913 can be found in the Experiment Station scrapbook number two. The wheat growing contract between Kentucky farmers and the Experiment Station included in the second scrapbook is referred to in a 1913 letter from E.J. Kinney to Kastle and found in the 1913-1916 correspondence folder.

Restrictions on Access and Use

Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Access Collection is open to researchers by appointment
Use Restrictions
Property rights reside with the University of Kentucky. The University of Kentucky holds the copyright for materials created in the course of business by University of Kentucky employees. Copyright for all other materials has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky. For information about permission to reproduce or publish, please contact the Special Collections Research Center.

Contents of the Collection

Agricultural Experiment Station, 1911-1915, undated

Clippings, 1911-1916, undated

  • Box 1, folder 1
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Experiment data gathered on Experiment Station farm and other Kentucky farms, 1901-1908, undated

  • Box 1, folder 2
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Scrapbook 1 loose items, 1913, undated

  • Box 1, folder 3
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Scrapbook 2 loose items, 1909-1913, undated

  • Box 1, folder 4
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Scrapbook 1, 1912-1913, undated

  • Box 3, item 1
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Scrapbook 2, 1912-1915, undated

  • Box 3, item 2
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Biographical, 1905-1919

Clippings about Kastle, 1905-1919

  • Box 1, folder 5
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Lists of publications, 1911-1915

  • Box 1, folder 6
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Metal plaque to accompany official portrait, 1916

  • Box 1, folder 7
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Printed materials saved by Kastle, 1909-1916

  • Box 1, folder 8
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Certificate of appointment, Kentucky State Board of Agriculture (ex officio), 1913 January 07

  • Box 4, folder 3
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Correspondence, 1904-1916, undated

Catalogue of correspondence compiled by UK Library, 1957 June 13

  • Box 1, folder 9
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1904 June 06

  • Box 1, folder 10
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1908

  • Box 1, folder 11
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1909

  • Box 1, folder 12
  • Box 4, folder 1
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1910

  • Box 1, folder 13
  • Box 4, folder 1
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1911

  • Box 1, folder 14
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1912

  • Box 1, folder 15
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1913-1916, undated

  • Box 1, folder 16
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Writings, Speeches, and Notes, 1919, undated

Organization and Work of the Division of Chemistry of the Hygienic Laboratory from June 20, 1905, to August 1, 1909 , 1909

  • Box 1, folder 17
  • Box 4, folder 2
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Speeches and writings (2 folders), undated

  • Box 2, folder 1-2
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Handwritten notes, undated

  • Box 2, folder 3
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Effect of Certain Grain Rations on the Growth of the White Leghorn Chick , 1919

  • Box 2, folder 4
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