Terrence Fox University of Kentucky Student Protest Film

Abstract

The Terrence Fox University of Kentucky student protest film (dated May 5-7, 1970; 1.34 gigabytes, 2 files) comprises two digital copies (WAV and MP4 versions) of what was probably an 8mm amateur, silent, color film of a protest by University of Kentucky students on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, May 5-7, 1970. The film is eight minutes and forty-seven seconds long.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Terrence Fox University of Kentucky Student Protest Film
Creator
Fox, Terrence S.
Extent
1.34 Gigabytes
Subjects
College students in motion pictures
Protest movements -- United States
Student protesters -- Kentucky -- Lexington
Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Protest movements
Arrangement
Collection is arranged chronologically.
Finding Aid Author
Ruth E. Bryan, Deirdre A. Scaggs
Preferred Citation
2018ua028: Terrence Fox University of Kentucky student protest film, May 5-7, 1970, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.
Repository
University of Kentucky

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Terrence Terry Stanley Fox was a doctoral student in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Kentucky. He was from Concrete, Wisconsin. He graduated with his Ph.D. in December 22, 1971, and was a student at least from 1968 to 1971. He was spokesperson and president of the student group Help Prevent Campus Violence (organized July 1970), which became the Student Coalition (SC, October 1970) and which was formed in response to the student protests in May 1970. The goals of the SC were to defend the rights of students to have a university free from disruption, in particular by using legal means to defend students' rights to study freely and to prevent closure of the university due to student protests (Kentucky Kernel, 7/16/1970, 9/24/1970, 11/19/1970). The SC and Fox operated in opposition to the Student Government (SG) and SG President Steve Bright (Kentucky Kernel articles from October and November 1970). In June 1970, Fox also organized a drive to get signatures on a petition to present to the Board of Trustees a vote of confidence for their actions in regard to the recent student unrest (Kentucky Kernel, 6/25/1970). In 1968, Fox was also involved with the student group Social Work Involvement in Contemporary Community Happenings (October 1968), which was one of the organizations protesting the playing of Dixie at University of Kentucky public events. Photos of Fox can be found in the Kentucky Kernel Oct. 6, 1970 and Nov. 19, 1970.
From May 5-7, 1970, some University of Kentucky students participated in protests prompted by the killing of four students at Kent State University on May 4, 1970, as well as by the United States invasion of Cambodia (a neutral country) as an extension of the war in Vietnam starting on April 26, 1970. The protests were in part organized by UK Student Government and Steve Bright, President. The students' demands of the Board of Trustees as presented by Bright at the Board meeting in the early afternoon of May 5, 1970, were to take action to ban weapons on campus; to condemn the killings at Kent State University; and to condemn the involvement of the United States in Cambodia. At that May 5th meeting, Bright was sworn in as a non-voting student representative to the Board of Trustees, replacing Timothy Futrell, previous Student Government President and previous non-voting student representative. Bright also spoke against the revision of the Student Code. While the meeting was taking place, several hundred students were either outside the conference room on the top floor of the Patterson Office Tower, or in the stairwells or the elevators trying to get up to the top floor. Local police prevented more than approximately 40 students from being on the top floor. The Board did not take action on any of the student demands and the revision of the Student Code passed unanimously. After the meeting's adjournment, Board member and former Kentucky governor Happy Chandler had a physical altercation with a student outside the meeting room. Also after the meeting, UK President Otis Singletary and interim Board chairperson Albert Clay met in a closed meeting with ten representative students. In this meeting, Singletary and Clay told the students that there was no interest on the Board in banning firearms.
In the late afternoon and evening of May 5, 1970, a large group of students marched through campus and downtown Lexington carrying a banner reading Four More Dead with a peace symbol along with four coffins representing the four dead Kent State University students. In the evening, the marchers ended up in front of Barker Hall/Buell Armory, where they faced off against Lexington and Kentucky local and state police protecting the building. Some of the students threw rocks, and a few students were arrested. Suddenly, the crowd saw fire over the top of the Student Center. The former Air Force ROTC (Reserve Officer Training Corps) Building (also called the ROTC Annex or the Euclid Avenue Building) on the corner of Euclid Avenue and Harrison Avenue (now Martin Luther King, Jr., Boulevard) was on fire and was burned to the ground. The fire also damaged the south side of the women's dormitory Blazer Hall, sited north of the ROTC Annex, and more than 100 students had to be rehoused. The cause of the fire has not yet been determined, but Lexington police arrested student Sue Anne Salmon on suspicion of setting it. Those charges were later dropped because of lack of evidence (Kentucky Kernel, 5/6/1970, 7/9/1970).
On Wednesday day and night, May 6, 1970, and on Thursday day, May 7, 1970, students also rallied around the Student Center and marched through campus, through downtown Lexington, to Transylvania University, and to the Lexington Theological Seminary. There were local and state police and National Guard troops guarding university buildings and accompanying and opposing the marchers on both days. On Thursday, members of the National Guard used tear gas on students sitting and standing on the lawn of the Student Center.
The immediate results of these protests were that spring commencement ceremonies were rescheduled for August 8, 1970, and several students, including Steve Bright, faced Judicial Board hearings about their conduct in relation to the Student Code. The former site of the ROTC Annex was converted to a park and recreation area.
Sources: 1. 2010ua027: Commencement programs, 1972 2. Kentucky Kernel articles referenced in text 3. Board of Trustees meeting minutes, May 5, 1970 4. Kentuckian yearbook, 1970
Scope and Content
The Terrence Fox University of Kentucky student protest film (dated May 5-7, 1970; 1.34 gigabytes, 2 files) comprises two digital copies (WAV and MP4 versions) of what was probably an 8mm amateur, silent, color film of a protest by University of Kentucky students on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, May 5-7, 1970. The film is eight minutes and forty-seven seconds long. Mechanical engineering doctoral student and later president of the Help Prevent Campus Violence/Student Coalition group Terrence "Terry" Fox filmed the protest. In addition to scenes of students gathering and marching at various campus, downtown Lexington, and Transylvania University locations with local and Kentucky state police and National Guard present (May 5-7), there are also scenes of the Tuesday night (May 5) fire and fire fighters at the Euclid Avenue Building/Air Force ROTC Building as well as scenes of the National Guard using tear gas on student protesters gathered around the UK Student Center on Thursday (May 7). Identifiable individuals in the film include Steve Bright, Student Government President, Otis Singletary, University of Kentucky President, and Sociology graduate student Mason Taylor.

Restrictions on Access and Use

Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Access Collection is open to researchers by appointment
Use Restrictions
Property rights reside with the University of Kentucky. The University of Kentucky holds the copyright for materials created in the course of business by University of Kentucky employees. Copyright for all other materials has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky. For information about permission to reproduce or publish, please contact the Special Collections Research Center.

Contents of the Collection

Terrence Fox University of Kentucky student protest film, 1970 May 5-7

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Researchers are required to have an SCRC Researcher Account in order to request or order digital copies of materials. Research Account set-up and use instructions can be found at: http://libguides.uky.edu/SCRCaccount

If you are visiting the Breckinridge Research Room, please request materials at least 48 business hours in advance of your arrival.

For all other questions, contact us at: https://libraries.uky.edu/ContactSCRC.

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