Berea College - President William Goodell Frost Papers,ca. 1854-1964 (bulk 1880-1937)

Descriptive Summary

Title
Berea College - President William Goodell Frost Papers,ca. 1854-1964 (bulk 1880-1937)
Creator
Frost, President William Goodell
Extent
21.4 lin. ft.
Subjects
Education, higher -- Administration
Lincoln Ridge, Kentucky -- Lincoln Institute
Shelby County, Kentucky -- Schools
Schools -- Lincoln Institute
Day Law (Kentucky)
Segregation -- Berea College
Education, higher -- Afro-Americans
Segregation -- Law and legislation
Discrimination, racial -- Law and legislation
Afro-Americans -- Discrimination, racial
Students, Afro-American -- Berea College
Integration -- Berea College
Finding Aid Author
Processed by: staff; machine-readable finding aid created by:M. Plarr
Repository
Berea College

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Frost, a native of LeRoy, New York, was an 1876 graduate of Oberlin College and from that year until 1892 was a professor of Greek there. Having refused the presidency of Berea College in 1889, Frost reconsidered after the resignation of William B. Stewart and was inaugurated in 1892. Frost is credited with being chiefly responsible for the significant growth of Berea College during this period. His term saw enrollment rise from 350 in 1912 to 2400 in 1920, and endowment increase from $100,000 to $3,500,000 over the same period.
He was also responsible for re-directing the school's mission from that of coeducation of blacks and whites to one which focused on education of "Appalachian Americans," a term he is credited with popularizing. This shift took place contemporaneously with passage in Kentucky of the Day Law (1904) which forbade integration of blacks and whites within single institutions. This resulted in removal of the College's black students, with Berea establishing the Lincoln Institute in Shelby County, Kentucky, a separate school solely for blacks.
Scope and Content
This collection consists of official and personal papers of Berea College's third president, who served from 1892 to 1920.
Unpublished guide.
It should be noted that in addition to materials described in series below, there are .8 l.f. of duplicate records (principally annual reports) included here which do not appear on inventory. (Boxes 14 and 15 are empty.)