G. Wix Unthank papers

Abstract

The G. Wix Unthank papers (dated 1975-2012, bulk 1980-2012; 12.92 cubic feet; 13 boxes, 1 oversize box) comprise case files, case notes, administrative files, correspondence and other papers that document Judge Unthank's career as a District Court Judge for the Eastern District Court of Kentucky.

Descriptive Summary

Title
G. Wix Unthank papers
Extent
12.92 Cubic Feet
Subjects
Judges -- United States.
Court administration -- United States
Judicial process -- United States
Coal mines and mining -- Management
Coal mines and mining -- Kentucky
Social security -- Law and legislation.
Arrangement
Collection is arranged into four series and two subseries. Where possible, original order and original folder names were retained.
Finding Aid Author
Natalie Bishop
Preferred Citation
2012ms408 : [identification of item], G. Wix Unthank papers, 1975-2012, bulk 1980-2012, University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.
Repository
University of Kentucky

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Judge Green Wix Unthank of Harlan, Kentucky was a District Court Judge for the Eastern District of Kentucky from 1980 to 2013. He was nominated by President Carter on December 19, 1979 to a new seat authorized by 92 Stat. 1629 that authorized two additional district judges for the eastern district of Kentucky, making Judge Unthank the first district court judge to designate Pikeville as his duty station.
Judge Unthank was born on June 14, 1923 in Tway, Kentucky to Green Ward Unthank and Estelle Howard Unthank. Judge Unthank attended Loyall High School in 1940, and upon graduating in 1941, enlisted in the United States Army to serve in World War II. Unthank fought as a member of the 509th Paratrooper Battalion. For his service, he earned the Bronze Star Medal and a Purple Heart for injuries sustained in 1943 from a German hand grenade while in enemy territory. He was honorably discharged in 1945.
After the war, Unthank enrolled at the University of Kentucky in Lexington to complete his undergraduate education. In 1949, he enrolled in law school at the University of Miami in Coral Gables, Florida and received his juris doctorate in 1950. Unthank then returned to Kentucky and ran for the office of Harlan County Judge using the campaign slogan, You'll never be unthankful with Unthank! He won the election and served as a county judge from 1951 to 1957. After leaving office, Unthank practiced law in Harlan until 1966. He served as the Assistant United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Kentucky from 1966 to 1969. In 1970, he was elected Commonwealth Attorney for the 26th Judicial District in Harlan, Kentucky, where he served in this capacity until his appointment to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky in 1980.
During his judicial service, Judge Unthank periodically sat by designation on the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Several years after joining the bench, however, he acquired an illness affecting his speech. In 1988, he took senior status and was succeeded by Judge Karl Forester. For the remainder of his service, Judge Unthank took cases that could be handled on the record, primarily appeals from administrative rulings in Social Security cases. According to William H. Fortune, University of Kentucky law professor and former federal public defender for the Eastern District of Kentucky, Judge Unthank was considered an expert on Social Security law, and several of his opinions were published in the Federal Supplement. He served on the district court until his death in 2013.
Scope and Content
The G. Wix Unthank papers (dated 1975-2012, bulk 1980-2012; 12.92 cubic feet; 13 boxes, 1 oversize box) comprise case files, case notes, administrative files, correspondence and other papers that document Judge Unthank's career as a District Court Judge for the Eastern District Court of Kentucky. The bulk of the collection comprises case files, administrative files, and correspondence that detail Unthank's decision-making process and caseload management style. Case files relate both to cases that were resolved in Judge Unthank's district court and to cases that were appealed to the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Cases appealed to the Sixth Circuit include those he considered when he sat on the appeals court by designation. The most well-documented case in the collection is United States v. Jones, a federal conspiracy case involving two coal mining companies located in Floyd County, Kentucky. After a three month-long trial, the Court ruled that the defendants were guilty of violating the Hobbs Act through extortion and the obstruction of interstate commerce by force and violence.
Administrative files and correspondence detail issues such as courtroom automation that are managed by the Eastern District Court in particular and the Federal Judiciary in general. There are also papers documenting Judge Unthank's participation in conferences, seminars, continuing education courses, meetings, and workshops.

Restrictions on Access and Use

Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Access Collection is open to researchers by appointment. Collection contains materials redacted due to privacy concerns, such as social security numbers or personal health information. Access to the original documents is restricted.
Use Restrictions
The physical rights to the materials in this collection are held by the University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center.

Contents of the Collection

Case files, 1975-2001, undated

This series comprises correspondence, court filings, and other papers that document Social Security appeals, and civil and criminal cases that came before Judge G. Wix Unthank. Files relate both to cases that resolved in Judge Unthank's district court and to cases that were appealed to the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Cases appealed to the Sixth Circuit include those he considered when he sat on the appeals court by designation. Social Security case files document Judge Unthank's decisions in cases challenging the rulings of the Social Security Administration regarding distributions of Supplemental Security Income and other benefits. The series is not comprehensive of the cases that came before Judge Unthank. It does, however, include local, high-profile cases such as United States v. Jones (docket number 83-8), in which the government sued a labor union for alleged violations of the Hobbs Act.

Court cases, 1975-1997, undated

This subseries comprises case notes, news clippings, correspondence, research files, and docket sheets, transcripts and other court filings that document Judge Unthank's decision-making process in various cases. Files relate both to cases that resolved in Judge Unthank's district court and to cases that were appealed to the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Cases appealed to the Sixth Circuit include those he considered when he sat on the appeals court by designation. This subseries is not comprehensive of the cases considered by Judge Unthank. It does, however, include local, high-profile cases such as United States v. Jones (docket number 83-8), in which the government sued a labor union for alleged violations of the Hobbs Act. Many files include annotations from Judge Unthank and various law clerks. Folder titles consist of case names, docket numbers, and date ranges. Docket number primarily organizes the subseries chronologically. Four folders at the end of the subseries are arranged alphabetically by folder title.

National Amusements, Inc. v. Joseph A. Seta, Inc., et al., 76-2, 1981-1982, undated

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 1
  • Box 2012ms408-13, folder 1
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Hamburg, Marjorie A. v. City of Hindman, Ky., et al., 76-483, 1982-1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 2
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United States v. Vincent Meli, et al., 77-80488, 1979

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 3
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Reynolds, Bennett v. Life Insurance Co. of N. America, 78-64, 1982-1987

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 4
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Fidelity & Deposit Co. of MD v. Holbrook, Cora Frances, 78-122, 1982-1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 5
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Neely, Matthew v. Holbrook, Ray, et al., 78-137, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 6
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United States v. Blue Diamond & Scotia Coal Co., 79-6, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 7
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Wood, Richard S. Jr., v. Carter, James B., et al., 79-44, 1981-1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 8
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Case, James M. v. C&O RR Company, 79-109, 1983-1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 9
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Combs, Harrison, et al. v. G&B Coal Co., Inc., 79-184, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 10
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Simpson, Joe d,b,a Joe Simpson Plastering Co. v. Appalachian Regional Hosp., et al., 79-205, 1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 11
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Meadows, Thomas and Meadows, Judy, et al. v. Ky. Department for Human Resources, 79-3455, 80-3059 (1-3), 1975-1983, undated

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 12-14
  • Box 2012ms408-13, folder 2
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Younce, John, Jr., v. UMWA, et al., 80-46, 1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 15
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United States Fidelity & Guaranty Co. v. Alice Lloyd College, 80-67, 1980-1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 16
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Taylor, Rodney E., et al., and First Maryland Leasecorp v. Mapco, Inc., 80-95, 1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 17
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United States v. Justice, Aaron Jr. & Potter, Johnny Mack, 80-149, 1981-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 18
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Webb, William R. v. Gailes MFG. Co., et al., 80-164, 1980-1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 19
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Salyer, Paul, et al. v. Jamie Pero, et al., 80-168, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 20
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United States v. Sergent, Kenneth, 80-191, 1983-1985

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 21
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Lansaw, Garland d,b,a Paden Tire Service v. The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., 80-224, 1981-1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 22
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Tollage Elkhorn Co., et al. v. James G. Watt, Secretary of Int., 80-230, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 23
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Cole, Dallie v. Dun and Bradstreet Publications, 80-1015, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 24
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Durham, Bart v. Brock, Hon. Ray L., et al., 80-1338, 1981-1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 25
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Elm, Betty L. v. Sec, HEW, 80-1403, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 26
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Wall, Tewey Lee v. Engle, Supt., et al., 80-3288, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 27
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Mesker v. U.S. Gypsum Co., et al., 80-3312, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 28
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Eisen, Saul, et al. v. A. M. Castle & Co. & Midwest Bank & Trust Co., 80-3375, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 29
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Stephens, et al. v. Painesville Raceway, etc., 80-3436, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 30
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Norfolk & Western Ry. Co. v. McDaniel Construction, 80-3486, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 31
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Tidwell, David Earl v. U.S.A., 80-5323, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 32
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United States v. Wilford, Harry Jr., et al., 81-10, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 33
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Miller, Mona v. Acciardo, Dommie L., et al., 81-27, 1981-1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 34
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Crider, Marvin, Jr. v. M&K Aviation, Inc., 81-83, 1981-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 35
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Shepherd, Martin v. Salyers, Skip, 81-90, 1981-1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 36
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Samons, Link v. The C&O RR Co., 81-98, 1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 37
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Donovan, Raymond J., Secretary of Labor v. Maynard, William & Beechtree Coal Co., Inc., 81-111, 1979-1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 38
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Jimmo, Marian v. Sears Roebuck, et al., 81-157, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 39
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Wellman, Leonard and Wellman, Bill v. Howell, Ronnie Lee, 81-161, 1981-1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 40
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Buffalo Resources Corp. v. Petro Services, Inc. and Evan J. Tony Fogarty, 81-186, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 41
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Travelers Indemnity Co. v. Alaky Coal Sales, et al., 81-240, 1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 42
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Valorous, Mattheis v. Anderson, Charles, 81-1039, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 43
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The Kuhlman Electric Co. v. Roth, et al., 81-1158, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 44
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Carter v. Gray, Superintendent, 81-3196, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 45
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Williamson, Donald R. v. Harris, Patricia R., Sec. of Health and Human Services, 81-5042, 1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 46
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Sword, Victor v. Davis, C.W., et al., 81-5507, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 47
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Innis, Joe v. Sec. of Health and Human Services, 81-5812, 1981

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 48
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Brennan, Robert J. v. Bd. Of Education, Knott Co., 82-03, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 49
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Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. v. Red Chief Coal, Inc., et al., 82-08 (1-2), 1982-1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 50-51
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Combs, Harrison v. Alma Drilling, Inc., 82-24, 1982-1985

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 52
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Elbo Coals, Inc. v. U.S.A., 82-54, 1981-1985

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 53
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McDonald, Dessie v. State Farm Fire & Casulty Co., 82-83, undated

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 54
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Deboard, Mary, et al. v. Wyatt, James, Secretary of Interior, 82-99, 1982

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 55
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Holiday Inns, Inc. v. Blake Ratliff Enterprises, et al., 82-112, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 56
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Hall, Marzuella v. Aetna Casualty & Surety Co., 82-224, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 57
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Weddington, Joe D. v. U.S.A., 82-244, 1982-1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 58
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Magoffin Coal, Inc. v. Can Sol Taylor, 82-247, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 59
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Frazier, Ronald W. v. Kentucky Power Co., et al., 82-264, 1982-1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 60
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Combs, Jeffery L. v. Letcher County, Ky. Sheriff's Dept., et al., 82-273, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 61
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Don Jacobs Ford, Lincoln Mercury, Inc. v. Ford Motor Co. & Ford Motor Credit Co., 82-305, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 62
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Brown, David Paul v. Lee's Junior College, et al., 82-318, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 63
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Reffett, Paul v. Tramco Co., 82-323, 1983-1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 64
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Maynard, Roger Douglas v. Emerson Electric Company, et al., 82-324, 1982-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 65
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Hopkins, George v. Fronto, Mickey, et al., 82-329, 1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 66
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Spencer, Sarah v. Aetna Insurance Co. & People Exc. Bank, 82-336, 1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 67
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Belcher, Arnold v. C&O RR, 82-362, 1983-1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 68
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Fitzpatrick, Michael A. v. American Motors Corp., et al., 82-371, 1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 69
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F.H.C. Co., Inc. v. Taylor, Ben, Sheriff of Letcher Co., 82-375, 1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 70
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Donovan, Raymond J., Secretary of Labor v. Deep River Coal Co., 82-383, undated

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 71
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U.S.A. v. C&N Coal Co., Inc., 82-390, 1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 72
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Blankenship, Matilda, et al. v. Big Sandy Co., Inc., 82-398, 1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 73
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Edwards-Warren Tire Co. v. West Virginia Rebel Coal Co., Inc., 82-400, 1984

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 74
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The Budd Co. v. Sumpter, Lawrence, 82-432, 1977-1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 75
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Donovan, Raymond J., Secretary of Labor v. McAnd Mining, Inc., 82-470, 1983

  • Box 2012ms408-1, folder 76
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U.S.A. v. Jones, Edgar, et al., transcripts, 83-8, 1983 December 15

  • Box 2012ms408-2, folder Unknown

1983 December 15, vol. 1-2, pretrial hearing, 1983 December 15

  • Box 2012ms408-2, folder 1-2
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Vol. 1-2, transcript, 1984 January 9

  • Box 2012ms408-2, folder 3-4
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Vol. 3-4, transcript, 1984 January 10

  • Box 2012ms408-2, folder 5-6
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Vol. 5-6, transcript, 1984 January 12

  • Box 2012ms408-2, folder 7-8