Gradual, 15th century (MS Latin Kentucky XIV)


  • Latin



  • Identifier: MS LAT KY XIV
  • Summary: Through the text is uninterrupted throughout, this gradual contains two radically different styles of execution. Fol. 1- 108 is remarkable for the marginal foliate decoration and distinctive puzzle piece illuminated initials. Fol. 108- 124 features simpler red and blue or black cadel initials. There are no remaining full-page illuminations.
  • Origin: 15th century, possibly Portugal
  • Decoration: One notable two-stave illuminated puzzle initial. One-stave illuminated puzzle initials throughout. Very intricate. Marginal floral sprays through fol. 108. Black cadels after fol. 109.
  • Provenance: Purchased in Spain, 1958, with Library Associates' funds by Lawrence S. Thompson.
  • Notes: Font and back paste down from de-luxe Italian antiphoner/gradual, in texualis precissa. Fol. 8 has been cut almost in half (post production). Fol. 44r: Trimmed marginal notation indicates foredge sides have been trimmed. Spelling of Introytus and Cothidie suggest Portuguese origin. Spelling shifts to Introitus after fol. 109. Fol. 60r: Marginal notation by scribe "Non dicitur. Flectamus". Shift in style from 109r forward. Fol. 116r: Black cadels replace earlier colorful penwork initials. Fol. 119r and 122v-123r and 124v: Table of Contents (or concordance). Rust stain at bottom of fol. 81 and 82. Front and back paste downs are Italian.
  • Script: Gothic texualis rotunda formata
  • Support: Parchment
  • Binding: Original 16th century binding with brass bosses on the foredge corners and four central ones. Small paper stamp indicating 34 on back cover.
  • Layout: 5 staves

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